The American chemist Professor Emeritus Ann C. Noble (* 1935) studied at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst food science. From the year 1974 she was at the University of California worked in Davis as the first woman in the Department of Viticulture and was in the research project sensors used. After studying technology and conducting wine tastings, she noticed that in terms of the description of wines ( wine address ) no generally valid and objective terminology regarding the various flavorings respectively. odors in the wine there. From 1984 she developed the so-called aroma wheel (Aroma Wheel, also aromatic rice). With this, the diverse flavors are divided into 12 main groups, each with several individual flavors. A separate aroma wheel was for sparkling wine created. Since her retirement in 2002, she served as a jury member at the San Francisco Chronicle Wine Competition.