The American chemist Professor Emeritus Ann C. Noble (* 1935) studied at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst food science. From 1974 she was at the University of California worked in Davis as the first woman in the Viticulture department and was in the research project sensors used. After studying technology and handling wine tastings, she noticed that there was a problem with the description of wines ( wine address ) no generally valid and objective terminology regarding the different flavorings respectively. odors in the wine there. From 1984 she developed the so-called aroma wheel (Aroma wheel, also aroma circle). With this, the diverse flavors are divided into 12 main groups, each with several individual flavors. A separate aroma wheel was created for sparkling wine created. Since her retirement, she has served as a jury member for the San Francisco Chronicle Wine Competition since 2002.