There are many hypotheses about the origin of the Pinotrebe. Ancestry from that of Columella (1st half 1st century) and Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient grape variety Allobrogica cannot be verified. For the guess that they are from Egypt about Greece to France genetic or botanical evidence is missing. That they are emperors Charlemagne (742-814) brought to the Rhine and there on his Pfalz Ingelheim ( Rheinhessen ) planted is not provable (but not impossible). That his great-grandson Charles III. called der Dicke (839-888), who had the variety planted in 884 near Lake Constance in its "Königsweingarten", is not proven, since no variety names are mentioned in the document in question. And last but not least is that due to the synonym Clevner assumed origin Italy unlikely.
The area between Lake Geneva (Switzerland) and the Rhone Valley (France) suspected. The order of the Cistercian brought them to the Middle Ages Rheingau, from here it spread throughout Europe, The French term "Pinot" is derived from the most likely variant of the elongated shape of the Pinot grapes, which are quite similar to the cones of a pine (French "pin"). The Pinot varieties are by no means a family, as this incorrectly associates different relationships. Rather, they are out mutations a Pinot-Ursorte originated. Likewise, too Klonmutanten added, these are only "slightly" changed offspring compared to mutants. In any case, they were among the “nobler” in the Middle Ages Franconian varieties :