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North Carolina

The state on the southern Atlantic coast with the capital Raleigh was settled at the beginning of the 17th century by English colonists and is one of the 13 founding states of the USA, From here comes the historic variety Catawba with John Adlum (1759-1836) and Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863) in the state Ohio wrote American wine history in the first third of the 19th century. From here comes the likewise significant variety Scuppernong, which was even officially proclaimed state fruit of North Carolina in 2001, making it the symbol of the state. Around the year 1680 settled here and in the neighboring state South Carolina many Huguenots expelled from France and brought their viticulture knowledge. Be in larger quantities hybrids and varieties of the American species Vitis labrusca and Vitis rotundifolia cultivated. Increasingly, but also European varieties such Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Pinot Gris. Pinot Noir. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc. Syrah. Viognier and Zinfandel grown.

Only in 2003 was the first AVA Classified Yadkin Valley, which then followed as the second Swan Creek. The focus of viticulture is around Winston-Salem, which is also a tobacco growing center. In total there are about 25 production companies. The winery "Biltmore Estate Wine" at the city of Asheville (where the writer Thomas Wolfe was born) is the largest in America with about 3,500 hectares. Built by George Washington Vanderbilt (1862-1914) and opened in 1895, Biltmore House is a grandiose Renaissance style palace with 250 rooms. The estate is the America's most visited winery with 600,000 visitors annually (Mondavi has around 100,000 visitors). Other well-known wine producers include Black Wolf Vineyard, Germantown Vineyard & Winery, Hanover Park Vineyards, Ray Len Vineyards, Apple Lassie Vineyards, Shelton Vineyards and Westbend Vineyards.

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