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North Carolina

The state on the southern Atlantic coast with the capital Raleigh was settled by English colonists as early as the 17th century and is one of the 13 founding states of the United States, The historical variety comes from here Catawba with the John Adlum (1759-1836) and Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863) in the state Ohio made American wine history in the first third of the 19th century. The equally important variety comes from here Scuppernong, which was even officially named the state fruit of North Carolina in 2001 and was thus declared a landmark of the state. Around 1680 settled here and in the neighboring state South Carolina many Huguenots expelled from France and brought their wine-making knowledge with them. In larger quantities hybrids and varieties of the American species Vitis labrusca and Vitis rotundifolia cultured. But European varieties such as Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Pinot gris. Pinot Noir. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc. Syrah. Viognier and Zinfandel grown.

Only in 2003 was the first AVA Yadkin Valley classified, which then followed as the second Swan Creek. The focus of viticulture is around Winston-Salem, which is also a tobacco growing center. There are a total of around 25 production companies. The winery "Biltmore Estate Wine" near the city of Asheville (the writer Thomas Wolfe was born here) is the largest in America with around 3,500 hectares of vineyards. Here is also the Biltmore House, built by George Washington Vanderbilt (1862-1914) and opened in 1895, a grand castle with 250 rooms designed in the French Renaissance style. The property is the most-visited winery in America with 600,000 visitors annually (Mondavi has around 100,000 visitors). Other well-known wine producers include Black Wolf Vineyards, Germanton Vineyard & Winery, Hanover Park Vineyard, Ray Len Vineyards, Rag Apple Lassie Vineyards, Shelton Vineyards and Westbend Vineyards.

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