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22.830 Keywords • 48.321 Synonyms • 5.299 Translations • 7.907 Pronunciations • 152.273 Cross-references

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Nowy Svet

Famous winery still existing on the east coast of the Crimea in the Ukraine, The origin dates back to 1878, when Russian sovereign Leo Sergejewitsch Golizyn (died 1916) bought a farm in Sudak. The picturesque area around the Black Sea bay once referred to the Greeks as "Paradisio", so the prince first named his property "Paradis". It was not until some time later that it was renamed "Nowyj Svet", which means "New World". Golitsyn had thoroughly studied viticulture in France, Italy and Germany through many travels before he began to build a vineyard on his estate. He had, on a large scale and on a scientific basis, the ambitious goal of making the Sudak area more famous than the French Bordeaux. In Koba-Kaja, a large winery was created for the production of sparkling wine. Golitsyn experimented for a long time to find the most suitable grape varieties. At Balaklava (now part of Sevastopol), where climate conditions are similar to those in Champagne, he finally had the vineyards planted for the production of sparkling wine.

At the World Fair in Paris in 1900 he won the Grand Prix Cup with his sparkling wine "Nowyj Svet". Golitsyn is thus considered the founder of the famous Crimean champagne, the Shampanskoe Crimean buoy. Furthermore, dessert wines in the style of port wine and sherry produced. The last Russian Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) commissioned Prince Golyzin in the 1890s with the construction of the "most beautiful winery in the world" near the eponymous village Massandra, as well as the development of the south coast for the production of sweet wines. He was by the Count Mikhail Vorontsov (1782-1856) significantly supported. At the end of 1911, Golitsyn gave his estate to Tsar Nicholas II. He accepted and fulfilled Golitsyn's request to set up a viticulture research station. After the October Revolution of 1917, the estate was expropriated and became state-owned. The annual production today amounts to over three million bottles. The top brands are "Crimean buoy", "Jubilee", "Nowyj Svet" and "Prince Leo Golitsyn", which are mainly made from Riesling, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.

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