French engineer and vine grower Philip Christian Oberlin (1831-1915) began planting experimental vineyards in 1854 to compare grape varieties. Three years later he built on the outskirts of the city of Colmar (Haut-Rhin in Alsace ) the private "Institute Viticole Oberlin", which is mainly the crossing and spread of the new grape varieties he created on a large scale documents served. In 1904 there were already around 1,200 different varieties compared. The red hybrid was most widespread Oberlin Noir, which was later named after him.
A grape variety frequently used by Oberlin for his crossings was the Riesling, Created by him new varieties are among other Aromriesling. August Riesling. bouquet Riesling. Bouquetsylvaner. diamond Muskat. precious nutmeg. fine nutmeg. fine Riesling. Firnriesling. Frühgipfler. early Riesling. Goldriesling (1), Gutknipperlé. Lafayette. Louisette. Marie Riesling. Muscat de la Republique. Muscat Dore de Semis. nutmeg flower. muscat bouquet. nutmeg scent. Muscat Riesling. splendor grape and President Carnot, Oberlin also selected from a seedling of the Madeleine Angevine the variety Madeleine Angevine Oberlin.
He also experimented intensively with it education forms for vines and developed the “Oberlinsche Kordon-Bildung” and the “Oberlinsche Drahtzug”. In his publications, he dealt with the reconstruction of vineyards without grafting. The variety Goldriesling (1) was at the same institute by the French breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932) used for new breeds.