The French engineer and vine grower Philip Christian Oberlin (1831-1915) began in 1854 with the planting of experimental vineyards for grape variety comparison. Three years later he built on the edge of the city of Colmar (Haut-Rhin im Alsace ) the private "Institute Viticole Oberlin", which is mainly the crossing and dissemination of the new grape varieties he created to a large extent and documents served. In 1904 there were already about 1,200 different varieties in comparison. The biggest spread was the red hybrids Oberlin Noir which was later named after him.
A grape variety commonly used by Oberlin for his crossbreeds was the Riesling, Created by him new varieties are among other Aromriesling. August Riesling. bouquet Riesling. Bouquetsylvaner. diamond Muskat. precious nutmeg. fine nutmeg. fine Riesling. Firnriesling. Frühgipfler. early Riesling. Goldriesling (1), Gutknipperlé. Lafayette. Louisette. Marie Riesling. Muscat de la Republique. Muscat Dore de Semis. nutmeg flower. muscat bouquet. nutmeg scent. Muscat Riesling. splendor grape and President Carnot, Furthermore, Oberlin selects from a seedling of Madeleine Angevine the variety Madeleine Angevine Oberlin.
He also experimented intensively education forms for vines and developed the "Oberlin's cordon education" and the "Oberlin's wire train". In his publications, he dealt with the reconstruction of vineyards without Pfropfreben. The variety Goldriesling (1) was at the same institute by the French breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932) used for new breeds.