The red variety is an interspecific new breed between Riparia-Millardet x Gamay Noir, Synonyms are 595 Oberlin, Oberlin 595 and Schwarzer Oberlin. They are genes of Vitis riparia and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place at the beginning of the 20th century by Christian Oberlin (1831-1915) on his institute near Colmar in Alsace, after which she was later named. The variety is resistant against the phylloxera and the wrong one mildew, She was crossing partner in the new breeds Castor. Pollux and Siegfriedrebe, It was very successful and occupied about 4,500 hectares in France at the end of the 1950s. Today it is grown almost exclusively in the northwest Grand Est region (new since 2016). It should also be a small stock in Paraguay give. In 2010, 64 hectares were recorded (Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)