The growing area is in Rheinland-Pfalz as well as a small part in Saarland in Germany, The river Moselle winds its way from Trier to Koblenz over 237 km, but the air line is only 96 km. The vineyards cover 8,798 hectares of vineyards that stretch along the Moselle from the source area in the Vosges on the border Luxembourg until its confluence with the Rhine near Koblenz and on the two tributaries Saar and Ruwer. These three rivers gave the cultivation area the old name Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, which was valid until 2007. The oldest vineyards are on the upper Moselle Germany, the Romans operated here as early as the 1st century BC. BC viticulture and founded 15 BC The city of Augusta Treverorum, today's Trier. In Piesport and Erden are still remains of ancient Roman Press to visit. Likewise, that points Neumagener Weinschiff towards Roman wine culture. The two Roman poets Ausonius (310-395) and Venantius Fortunatus (530-610) described the beauty of the landscape during boat trips on the Moselle. In the Middle Ages the order of Benedictine many vineyards along the banks of the three rivers, as evidenced by many individual vineyard names.
Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) passed a law after the occupation of this area in 1807, the negative effects of which can still be felt today. In order to prevent large land holdings, he ordered the "real division", by means of which the land holdings were to be divided equally among all descendants in the event of inheritance. The result was a fragmentation into innumerable, often extremely small, surface units. At the Vienna Congress in 1815, the former Kurtrier area was added to the Prussian state. As a result, the royal government took various measures to improve the economic situation of the Moselle winegrowers. These include the Prussian location classification, the foundation of the winegrowing association and the establishment of three winegrowing domains on the Moselle and Saar, which initiated a heyday of Moselle winegrowing. The tradition of the great wine lover became king Frederick the Great (1712-1786), who had a vineyard planted in 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam.
The growing area is one of the warmer climates in Germany. The Moselle practices like everyone else waters a positive effect or creates the conditions for this by forming valley slopes. Viticulture benefits from the ideal combination of steep, sun-drenched slopes, the sun-reflecting slate soils and optimal rainfall. In some steep slopes is the processing only by means of special devices and Monorackbahnen possible. To the steepest vineyards the world counts Calmont with up to 68 ° Tilt, By storing heat frosts largely prevented. There are only slight temperature fluctuations. There are usually pleasantly warm summers and only moderately cold winters. The soils on the upper Moselle run are made of shell limestone and Keuper, and on the middle and lower Moselle runs and in the valleys of Saar and Ruwer made of Devonian and clay slate. The dark slate occurs in around half of the vineyards.
The shale stores the sun's heat during the day and releases it again at night, which ensures a mild climate. The vines are usually rooted deep in the ground or rocks. Many small winemakers laboriously process the often terraced steep slopes and deliver their grapes to large wineries. Mosel is divided into six areas with 19 large layers and 524 individual layers. The 242-kilometer Moselle wine route begins directly behind the German-French border in Perl, runs along the river and crosses it several times. In the course it touches many famous winegrowing communities and finally ends in Koblenz.
The German wine law allows the area name to be entered without the "area" addition label as long as there are no place names or single-layer names with which there can be confusion. The winegrowers from the "Saar" had already practiced this after the name change, but for those on the "Ruwer" this was not possible. In 2019, locations with the name “Ruwer” in the Trier-Ruwer district that were no longer managed were deleted from the location directory, thus making it possible to include them on the label.
The area Bernkastel or also Middle Moselle (formerly Lower Moselle) forms the centerpiece with most of the vineyards. It extends from Briedel in the north upstream to the Moselle metropolis Trier in the south in a length of about 50 kilometers. The Moselle flows through the area in ten relatively narrow loops. The large area covers almost 6,000 hectares of vineyards and is divided into the ten major locations Badstube, Kurfürstlay, Michelsberg, Münzlay, Nacktarsch, Schwarzlay, St. Michael, Probstberg, Römerlay and Vom hot stone. The most famous Moselle communities and vineyards are located here. Bernkasteler is one of the most famous individual locations in the area and also in Germany Doctor, It belongs to the renowned large-scale Badstube with (unusually) exclusively first-class locations. For the most part, the deep soils consist of dark blue weathered Devonian slate with often high stone content, in the community of Ürzig there are also Rotliegendes (red sandstone). The most famous winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The area of Burg Cochem (formerly Zell) is also called Terrassenmosel after the many terraced slopes. It stretches from Koblenz to Zell on the lower Moselle and is divided into the five major locations of Goldbäumchen, Grafschaft,...