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Ochratoxin A

The mycotoxin (also OTA for short) was first described in 1968. This mushroom poison is used by several mold species how Aspergillus (A. carbonarius, A. ochraceus) and Penicillium (P. verrucosum) formed. Even the smallest amounts of these can cause serious health effects, particularly on the liver and kidneys. The poison comes in various foods like beer, Grain, coffee and also Wine in front. The poison is especially at botrytis Grapes due to lack Weingarten Care and lack of crop protection measures. Wines from warmer climates are more susceptible to this. It has been proven in noble sweet quality wines from Southeast Europe, South Africa and France. In 2005, the EU set the maximum limit in wine and / or grape must basis at 2 millionths of a gram per liter. Already simple measures like racking. clarify. beautiful and filtration can greatly reduce OTA levels. The EU has been in favor of combating it since 2011 chitin derivatives (Enzymes) approved.

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