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22.498 Keywords • 49.825 Synonyms • 5.294 Translations • 7.928 Pronunciations • 145.088 Cross-references

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Ochratoxin A

The mycotoxin (also short OTA) was first described in 1968. This mushroom poison is of different mold species as Aspergillus (A. carbonarius, A. ochraceus) and Penicillium (P. verrucosum) formed. Even the smallest amounts of it can cause severe adverse effects, especially on the liver and kidneys. The poison comes in different foods like beer, Grain, coffee and also Wine in front. The poison is especially at botrytis Grapes due to lack of Weingarten Care and lack of crop protection measures. Wines from warmer climates are more susceptible. It was proven in noble sweet predicate wines from Southeastern Europe, South Africa and France. In 2005, the EU set the maximum permissible limit in wine and / or grape must at 2 millionths of a liter per liter. Already simple measures like racking. clarify. beautiful and filtration can greatly reduce OTA levels. Since 2011, the EU has been fighting for it chitin derivatives (Enzymes) approved.

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