Greek term for the "teaching and science of wine" (oinos = wine); a sub-area is the ampelography (Vines customer). The name is derived from the mythological king Oineus derived that the wine god Dionysos taught viticulture. In the past, this was understood to mean pure cellar technology in contrast to vineyard technology. Today, however, this means more and more not just that winemaking, but the entirety of all viticultural concerns. The diverse range of tasks of the oenologists thus includes cooperation in the Weingarten Care, full responsibility for the production of grape juice. Wine and secondary products (e.g. sparkling wine, brandy) and securing their durability, the implementation and interpretation of analyzes and also knowledge of product marketing. With all of this is the most current wine legislation to consider.
Various professional titles are based on the educational branch of enology, such as engineer for beverage technology, engineer for viticulture and oenology, wine engineer, wine technologist / Wine technician and oenologist. In Germany. France. Austria and the Switzerland is the oenology a subject at a university with a degree in engineering viticulture and oenology (also Bachelor or Master). The training with different focus in viticulture and cellar management takes place in these countries in middle schools, technical colleges, agricultural technical schools (wine schools) and at universities. See in this regard under the keyword viticulture training,