Greek name for the "doctrine and science of wine" (oinos = wine); a subarea is the ampelography (Vines customer). The name is from the mythological king Oineus derived from the wine god Dionysos taught viticulture. In the past, this meant pure cellar technology as opposed to vineyard technology. Today, it means more and more not only that winemaking but the totality of all viticultural concerns. The diverse scope of the oenologists thus includes participation in the Weingarten Care, the full responsibility for the production of grape juice. Wine and derived products (eg sparkling wine, brandy) and securing their durability, the implementation and interpretation of analyzes and also knowledge in product marketing. With all this is the most recent wine legislation to be observed.
The professional field of oenology is based on various professional titles such as engineer for beverage technology, engineer for viticulture and oenology, wine economist, wine technologist / Wine technician and oenologist. In Germany. France. Austria and the Switzerland oenology is a field of study at a university with a degree in viticulture and oenology (also bachelor or master). The training with different emphases in viticulture and cellar economy takes place in these countries in secondary schools, colleges, agricultural schools (viticulture schools) and at universities. See in this regard under the keyword viticulture training,