The state with the capital Columbus lies between the Lake Erie in the north and the Ohio River in the south in the central northeast of the United States, It is of particular historical importance to American viticulture. Around 1820, the surveyor John planted Adlum (1759-1836) at his winery "The Vineyard" at Georgestown (near Cincinnati) on 200 acres of a vine from North Carolina came. First he named her Tokay and later on a river in North Carolina Catawba, In 1823 he sent former US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) some bottles of pressed wine, which he praised.
Adlum then left the lawyer Nicholas in 1825 Longworth (1783-1863) some Catawba cuttings, which planted them on a large scale on his lands near Cincinnati on the Ohio River, in 1842 it was already 480 hectares. He made it the first American sparkling wine "Sparkling Catawba" and became America's first major commercial wine producer. Catawba wine was even exported to Europe at the time and was well received here. The Ohio River was called the "Rhine of America". In 1859, just before the American Civil War (1861-1865), the Ohio River was home to one-third of America's vineyards, and it was twice as rich in wine California generated. After the civil war there was the movement of the temperance (Alcohol opponents) a strong restriction of the wine boom.
There are still many French hybrids cultivated from the beginning of the 1940s by the viticulture pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) were popularized. The picture shows vineyards with the complex French new breed Landot Noir based on several American species and one European Vitis vinifera, Next American vines and hybrids are increasingly grown European varieties, the first operation was in 1968 Markko Vineyard. When AVA areas are classified the six areas Grand River Valley, Isle St. George, Kanawha River Valley, Lake Erie, Loramie Creek and the Ohio River Valley That's Ohio with the three states Indiana. Kentucky and West Virginia Splits. The vineyards cover around 1,000 hectares.
Most of the approximately 100 manufacturing operations are located in the north of the state near Lake Erie and in the south around the city of Cincinnati on the Ohio River. There is a bigger production sparkling wine and also fruit wine from different fruits and berries. Well-known wine producers are Al-Bi, Anderson, Brandeberry, Breitenbach, Coffee Cake, Colonial Vineyards, Cortland, Eldchrist, Debonné, Farinacci, Firelands, Flint Ridge, Heinemann, Jilbert, Markko, Meier's Wine Cellars (oldest company 1856), Metrillo , Moyer, Old Firehouse, Rainbow Hills, Shawnee Springs, Valley, Willow Hill, Woodstock Creek and Wyandotte.