The state with the capital, Columbus, lies between Lake Erie in the north and the Ohio River in the south in the central northeast United States, It is of particular historical importance for American viticulture. Around 1820 the surveyor John planted it Adlum (1759-1836) at his winery "The Vineyard" near Georgestown (near Cincinnati) on 200 acres a vine that from North Carolina came. First he named it Tokay and later after a river in North Carolina Catawba, In 1823 he sent the former US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) a few bottles of wine made from it, which he praised.
Adlum then left the lawyer Nicholas in 1825 Longworth (1783-1863) a few Catawba cuttings, which they planted on his lands near Cincinnati on the Ohio River on a large scale, in 1842 it was already 480 hectares. He produced the first American sparkling wine "Sparkling Catawba" and became America's first large commercial wine producer. Catawba wine was even exported to Europe at the time and was well received here. The Ohio River was referred to as the "Rhine of America". In 1859, just before the American Civil War (1861-1865), one third of America's vineyards stood on the Ohio River and twice as much wine was made as in California generated. After the civil war there was the movement temperance (Alcohol opponents) a severe restriction of the wine boom.
There are still many French hybrids cultivated by the winegrowing pioneer Philip from the early 1940s wagner (1904-1996) were popularized. The picture shows vineyards with complex French new varieties Landot Noir based on several American species and one European Vitis vinifera, Next American vines and hybrids are increasingly growing European varieties, the first operation was in 1968 Markko Vineyard. As AVA areas are classified into the six areas of Grand River Valley, Isle St. George, Kanawha River Valley, Lake Erie, Loramie Creek and that Ohio River Valley Ohio with the three states Indiana. Kentucky and West Virginia Splits. The vineyards cover around 1,000 hectares.
Most of the approximately 100 manufacturing operations are located in the north of the state near Lake Erie and in the south around the city of Cincinnati on the Ohio River. It indicates a larger production sparkling wine and also fruit wine from different types of fruit and berries. Well-known wine producers are Al-Bi, Anderson, Brandeberry, Breitenbach, Coffee Cake, Colonial Vineyards, Cortland, Eldchrist, Debonné, Farinacci, Firelands, Flint Ridge, Heinemann, Jilbert, Markko, Meier's Wine Cellars (oldest company 1856), Metrillo , Moyer, Old Firehouse, Rainbow Hills, Shawnee Springs, Valley, Willow Hill, Woodstock Creek and Wyandotte.