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The first Greeks came as early as 1,000 BC AD Italy and founded numerous colonies on the island Sicily, as well as on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts of today's two Italian regions Calabria and Campania, Oinotria was a kingdom in the southern part of Calabria and existed around 600 to 350 BC. It was named after Oenotrus, who, according to legend, was the youngest of the 50 sons of Lycaon (son of King Priam of Troy). Oinotria's most important king was Italy, the eponym of Italy.

Those who lived here at the time Etruscan Residents already cultivated viticulture. The Greeks gave the area around the Gulf of Naples (Campania) the name "Oinotria", which is derived from "oinotron" (vine pole). It means "land of the vines raised on piles", with which the Greeks described this new technique of re-education for them. According to other sources, Onotria means "wine country", which can be interpreted from "oinos" (wine) and "tria" (belonging to) as "belonging to wine". The Latinized term "Enotria" was later used to refer to the whole of Italy. The Romans then rebuilt the area Pompeii to the center of the wine trade. See also under Ancient wines,

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