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The first Greeks came already around 1.000 v. After Italy and founded numerous colonies on the island Sicily, as well as on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian coasts of today's two Italian regions Calabria and Campania, Oinotria was a kingdom in the southern part of Calabria and existed around 600 to 350 BC. It was named after Oenotrus, who according to legend was the youngest, the 50 sons of Lycaon (a son of King Priam of Troy). Oinotrias most important king was Italos, the namesake of Italy.

The then living here Etruscan Residents already operated cultivated viticulture. The Greeks gave the area around the Gulf of Naples (Campania) the name "Oinotria", which is derived from "oinotron" (vine pile). It means "land of pigeons raised vines", with which the Greeks described this new Reberziehungs technique for them. According to other sources, Onotria means "wine country", which can be interpreted as "belonging to wine" by "oinos" (wine) and "tria" (belonging to). The Latinized term "Enotria" was later used as a term for all of Italy. The Romans then rebuilt the area Pompeii to the center of the wine trade. See also below Ancient wines,

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