The International Organization of Vine and Wine is an international and supranational body based in Paris (France) that deals with the interests of viticulture in the vine, wine, wine-based drinks. table grapes. raisins and other reproductive products from currently 43 Member States. In 2001, a reorganization and change in the new name (previously "Office International de la Vigne et du Vin"). The tasks of the new organization have been modernized and adapted. The predecessor organization was founded in 1924 (jointly by France, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Portugal and Hungary) during the prohibition founded in the USA (1920-1933) with the mandate to disseminate the positive effects of wine consumption, to coordinate research and nomenclature and to ensure good quality standards in production. Even during the Second World War (1939-1945), work continued uninterrupted under the protection of diplomatic immunity.
Today, the focus is on coordination in research, publication of books, working papers and journals on the professional, social and legal aspects of viticulture, as well as on the production of international statistics (values of all countries on vineyards and wine production - see under Wine production volumes ). In this regard, the "Bulletin de l'OIV" is published regularly. Furthermore, a system for the determination of varieties defined (see also under ampelography ). Likewise the OIV became the profession of the oenologists Are defined. For particularly deserving personalities in viticulture regularly prizes are awarded, in 1983 the ampelographer Pierre Galet (born 1921) for his extensive oeuvre. Under OIV patronage also international competitions are with awards performed, including CIVM. Türkiye Uluslararasi Sarap Yarismasi and Vinalies Internationales,