The age or the vintage and a correspondingly high price have a direct connection with premium wines. Qualitatively outstanding old wines are usually very expensive. The fact that wines in principle are getting better and better with age is, however, a frequently cited, but still false Mar. or just top products reserved under certain conditions. Such vintages are sometimes extremely long durability out. In the course of bottle aging will be the optimal one at a given time maturity reached, but this does not last forever. This means that even with long-lived wines sometime the climax is exceeded. The fact is that very old vintages are added Auctions often auctioned at astronomical prices. The oldest vintages As a rule, you can find it under alcoholic, fortified dessert wines such as Madeira. port wine. sherry and Co. The following list includes very old wines that were still edible.
The oldest example is the famous "Opimianer", a Falernian from the year 121 BC About the well over a hundred years old wine wrote Pliny the Elder (23-79) that he was thickened to a sort of bitter honey, but still recognizable as wine. A sweet Würzburger stone Vintage 1540 from Franconia was tasted in 1961. With 421 years, he was probably the oldest wine that was ever drunk and was still edible. A bottle of it is still stored in the basement of the Bürgerspital, Another very old one Kreszenz was the Lutherwein from Donnerskirchen (Burgenland, Austria). This wine from 1526 was tasted in 1852 (at 326 years). The next in the ranking is a Riesling vintage 1748 from Castle Johannisberg in the Rheingau, the poet prince Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) was served on his 66th birthday and in 1985 at 237 years was still edible. The fifth example is a Forster Enormous (Pfalz) of the famous vintage 1811 who at a tasting in 1999 (ie 186 years old) not only as edible, but effusive as grandiose was rated.
Naturally sparkling wines far from being as durable as still wines due to their method of production, unlike these, they should, as a rule, be drunk as soon as possible after purchase. Nevertheless, there were already several finds of very old bottles in sunken shipwrecks that were still edible. For this, as it were, the "ideal storage conditions" are responsible (dark, cool, high pressure, quiet storage). For example, this one was over 90 years old champagne Heidsieck Monopolies - Goût Américain, born in 1907. He was rescued in 1998 from a shipwreck (see below) Heidsieck ). Rekjordhalter is but discovered in July 2010 Veuve Clicquot from 1839, which after more than 170 years was not only enjoyable, but even excellent. A total of 162 bottles of different brands were found.
The Historical Museum of the palatinate in Speyer possesses in the "Wine Museum" probably the oldest liquid preserved vine wine. The liquid is certainly inedible. The so-called "Roman wine from Speyer" dates from the first half of the 4th century AD and is therefore about 1,700 years old. The cylindrical, greenish yellow one amphora similar glass bottle with flat neck and two dolphin-shaped handles contains a liquid, clear sediment and almost two-thirds of a solid, resinous mixture. Corresponding analyzes showed that it was probably originally wine. However, the alcohol contained in the wine has completely evaporated in the course of the extremely long time. The bottle was found, together with other funerary objects, in a Roman stone sarcophagus together with 16 other intact but empty glass vessels outside the city of Speyer.
A plausible explanation for the fact that just in the one bottle has received a rest, could be that at the entombment only little wine, but much olive oil was left. The Romans usually used olive oil to make the wine from the air. Corks were in principle known, but for the permanent bottle storage uncommon, since the thin hand-blown glasses were not suitable for a pressed corking. So the little wine was once poured into the glass bottle together with a seasoning mixture, and then there was the quantitatively much larger remainder of the olive oil, which was finally sufficient in its resinous form to preserve the "Roman wine" down to the very side. The volume of the bottle is 1.75 liters (Source: Historical Museum Pfalz, Catalog "Wine Museum", p. 48f and catalog "Antikensammlung", p. 11).
A famous collector of old and special wines is the Frenchman François Audouze (* 1943). See related statements below Wines of the century (around 140 top wines) and most expensive wines in the world (Top-20). For more unusual features in viticulture see Records,