The age or the vintage and a correspondingly high price have a direct connection with top wines. High quality old wines are usually very expensive. However, the fact that wines get better and better with age is reserved for a fairly often quoted, but still wrong fairy tale or only top products under certain conditions. Such vintages are characterized by sometimes extremely long durability out. In the course of bottle aging becomes the optimal at a certain point in time maturity achieved, but this does not last forever. This means that even with long-lived wines, the climax will be exceeded at some point. The fact is that very old vintages at Auctions often sold at astronomical prices. The oldest vintages can usually be found under alcoholic, fortified dessert wines such as Madeira. port wine. sherry and Co. The following list includes very old wines that were still edible.
The oldest example is the famous "Opimian", a Falernian from 121 BC Chr. Wrote about the well over a hundred year old wine Pliny the Elder (23-79) that it thickened to some kind of bitter honey but was still recognizable as wine. A sweet Würzburger stone Born in 1540 Franconia was tasted in 1961. At 421, it was probably the oldest wine that was ever drunk and was still edible. A bottle of it is still in the basement of the Bürgerspital, Another very old one Kreszenz was the Lutherwein from Donnerskirchen (Burgenland, Austria). This wine from 1526 was tasted in 1852 (with 326 years). The next in the ranking is a Riesling born in 1748 Johannisberg Castle in the Rheingau, who gave the poet prince Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) was served on his 66th birthday and was still edible in 1985 at 237 years. The fifth example is a forster Enormous (Pfalz) of the famous vintage 1811 who, at a tasting in 1999 (i.e. 186 years old) not only as edible, but exuberant as grandiose was evaluated.
Are natural sparkling wines Due to the way they are made, they are not as long-lasting as still wines and, in contrast to them, should generally be drunk as soon as possible after purchase. Regardless, there were several finds of very old bottles in sunken shipwrecks that were still edible. The “ideal storage conditions” are responsible for this, so to speak (dark, cool, high pressure, quiet storage). For example, that was an over 90 year old champagne “Heidsieck-Monopole - Goût Américain” born in 1907. It was recovered from a shipwreck in 1998 (see under Heidsieck ). Rekjordhalter is one that was discovered in July 2010 Veuve Clicquot from 1839, which after more than 170 years was not only edible, but also tasted excellent. A total of 162 bottles of different brands were found.
The Historical Museum of the palatinate in Speyer owns what is probably the oldest liquid vine wine in the "Wine Museum". The liquid is certainly undrinkable. The so-called "Roman wine from Speyer" dates from the first half of the 4th century AD and is therefore around 1,700 years old. The cylindrical, greenish yellow one amphora Similar glass bottle with a flat neck and two dolphin-shaped handles contains a liquid, clear sediment and almost two thirds a solid, resinous mixture. Corresponding analyzes showed that it was most likely originally wine. However, the alcohol contained in the wine has completely evaporated over the extremely long time. The bottle was found, together with other grave goods, in a Roman stone sarcophagus, along with 16 other almost intact, but empty glass vessels just outside the city of Speyer.
A plausible explanation for the fact that there is a residue in just one bottle could be that there was little wine left but a lot of olive oil left when the tomb was buried. The Romans usually used olive oil to isolate the wine from the air. Corks were known in principle, but were not used for permanent bottle storage because the thin, mouth-blown glasses were not suitable for pressed corking. The little wine was once poured into the glass bottle together with a seasoning mix, and then the rest of the olive oil, which was significantly larger in quantity, came in, which in the gummy form was finally sufficient to preserve the "Roman wine" to the point. The volume of the bottle is 1.75 liters (source: Historisches Museum Pfalz, catalog "Weinmuseum", p. 48f and catalog "Antikensammlung", p. 11).
The Frenchman François is a famous collector of old and special wines Audouze (* 1943). See the relevant lists below Wines of the century (around 140 top wines) and most expensive wines in the world (Top-20). For further exceptional features in viticulture, see below Records,