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Olifant's River

Winegrowing region in the northwest South Africa named after the 280 km long river (elephant river). The other regions are Boberg. Breede River Valley. Cape South Coast. Coastal region and Small Karoo, The region includes the districts Citrusdal Mountain (with Ward Piekenierskloof), Citrusdal Valley and Lutzville Valley (with the Ward Koekenaap), as well as the independent non-district Wards Bamboes Bay, Spruitdrift and Vredendal. Olifants River extends in the form of a band from Citrusdal in the south along the river to the mouth in the Atlantic at Lutzville in the north. Here is the highest vineyard South Africa at 1,150 meters above sea level in the middle of the Cederberg. It is the hottest South African winegrowing area, the annual rainfall is only 260 millimeters. That's why artificial irrigation what the floods of the Olifant River are used.

The vineyards cover 5,075 hectares (excluding table grapes) on sandstone and calcareous alluvial soils (2009). They are planted to 69% with the white varieties Chenin Blanc, Colombard, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Muscat d 'Alexandrie, Semillon and others, as well as to 31% with the red varieties Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage, Merlot, Ruby Cabernet and others (2009 ). The fertile soils yield the highest yields. Much of the grapes are distilled to brandy or made mainly from the sultana as table grapes used. Viticulture centers are the two cities Citrusdal and Vredental. Most grapes are processed by half a dozen cooperatives. Well-known wineries are Cederberg Wine, Excelscious Wines, Klawer Winery, Lutzville Coop Vineyards, Piekenierskloof, Spruitdrift Winery and Vredendal Winery Coop.

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