Production area for red wines, rosé wines, white wines and sparkling wines in the Italian region Lombardy, The zone (DOC, DOCG and IGT Provincia di Pavia) is with 16,000 hectares of vineyards Asti and Chianti the third largest in Italy, The geographical area Oltrepò is located in the south of the province of Pavia, on the border with the Piedmont and the Emilia-Romagna, The total area is almost 100,000 hectares mostly hilly and mountainous character at 300 to 400 meters above sea level. The climate is characterized by particularly dry winters and ventilated summers, with high temperature fluctuations due to ascending air currents on the slopes. The floors the hill foothills are made up of marine sedimentary rocks with significant clay content.
The area covers 16,000 hectares in 42 municipalities in the Apennine foothills on the south bank of the Po. Around 12,000 are classified as DOC / DOCG. However, around two-thirds of the production is not produced as a DOC / DOCG wine. Large quantities of grapes are sold to large Spumante wineries Cinzano, Gancia and Martini & Rossi in the Piedmont or as bulk wine delivered to Milan to get out of it mass wines to produce. The Oltrepò is the largest producer of the Pinot Nero variety in Italy with around 3,000 hectares. There are many Winzergenossenschaften whose members cultivate small areas with an average of two hectares.
The varietal wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, the rest may be other approved varieties to a maximum of 15%. They are mostly secco (dry) but also amabile and dolce expanded. The reds are Barbera. Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) - blanc de noirs and as Rosato. The white wines are Chardonnay. Cortese, Malvasia ( Malvasia di Candia Aromatica ), Moscato ( Muscat Blanc ), Riesling (Riesling Renano = Riesling and / or Riesling Italico logo CNRS logo INIST Riesling ) and Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ).
The wine types Rosso and Rosato are out Croatina (25-65%), Barbera (25-65%), as well Uva Rara and / or Ughetta logo CNRS logo INIST Vespolina and / or Pinot Nero (up to 45%) and other authorized varieties (max 15%). The Bianco is made from Riesling and / or Riesling Italico (60%), as well as Pinot Nero (white celery) and other approved varieties (40% max).
a Spumante There are from the wines Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato and Pinot Nero. a Frizzante Barbera, Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato, Pinot Nero, Riesling and Rosato. a Superiore There is only the Riesling. A longer matured Riserva There are Barbera, Riesling and Rosso. And one Liquoroso there is the Moscato. In addition, there are the following DOC / DOGC wines in the Oltrepò-Pavese area:
Agnes, Albani, Anteo, Ballabio, Bellaria, Bisi, among others, are among the best-known producers in the field. Borgolano 'Ca' di Frara, Ca 'Montebello, Cantina di Casteggio, Cantina Storica il Montù, Caseo, Ca' Tessitori, Cinzano, La Costaiola, Doria, Frecciarossa, Le Fracce, Fugazza, i Gessi, Giorgi, Isimbarda, Lino Maga, Marchese Adorno, Marchese di Montalto, Martini & Rossi, Mazzolino, Monsupello, Montelio, Pegazzera, Piccolo Bacco del Quaroni, Picchioni, Quaquarini, San Giorgio, San Michele ai Pianoni, Ruiz de Cardenas, Tenuta il Bosco, Travaglino, Vanzini, Vercesi del Castellazzo, Bruno Verdi, La Versa, Zonin.