Production area for red wines, rosé wines, white wines and sparkling wines in the Italian region Lombardy, The zone (DOC, DOCG and IGT Provincia di Pavia) is after with 16,000 hectares of vineyards Asti and Chianti the third largest in Italy, The geographical area Oltrepò is in the south of the province of Pavia, on the border with Piedmont and the Emilia-Romagna, The total area is almost 100,000 hectares of mostly hilly and mountainous character at 300 to 400 meters above sea level. The climate is characterized by particularly dry winters and ventilated summers, with high temperature fluctuations due to air currents rising on the slopes. The floors the foothills consist of marine sedimentary rock with an important clay-containing component.
The area covers 16,000 hectares in 42 municipalities in the Apennine foothills on the south bank of the Po. Around 12,000 are classified as DOC / DOCG areas. However, around two thirds of the production is not produced as DOC / DOCG wine. Large quantities of grapes are sent to large Spumante cellars Cinzano, Gancia and Martini & Rossi in the Piedmont or as bulk wine delivered to Milan to get out of it mass wines to produce. With around 3,000 hectares, the Oltrepò is the largest producer of the Pinot Nero variety in Italy. There are many Winzergenossenschaften whose members cultivate small areas with an average of two hectares.
The varietal wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, the rest can be other approved varieties up to a maximum of 15%. They are mostly secco (dry) but also amabile and dolce. The red wines are Barbera. Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) - blanc de noirs and as rosato. The white wines are Chardonnay. Cortese, Malvasia ( Malvasia di Candia Aromatica ), Moscato ( Muscat Blanc ), Riesling (Riesling Renano = Riesling and / or Riesling Italico Riesling ) and Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ).
The Rosso and Rosato wine types are discontinued Croatina (25-65%), Barbera (25-65%), as well Uva Rara and / or Ughetta = Vespolina and / or Pinot Nero (max. 45%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 15%) blended. The Bianco is made from Riesling and / or Riesling Italico (60%), Pinot Nero (white wine) and other approved varieties (max. 40%).
a Spumante there are Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato and Pinot Nero wines. a Frizzante there are from Barbera, Chardonnay, Cortese, Malvasia, Moscato, Pinot Nero, Riesling and Rosato. a Superiore there is only Riesling. A longer matured Riserva there are from the Barbera, Riesling and Rosso. And one Liquoroso there is from Moscato. In addition, there are the following DOC / DOGC wines in the Oltrepò-Pavese area:
The best-known producers in the field include Agnes, Albani, Anteo, Ballabio, Bellaria, Bisi, Borgolano, Ca 'di Frara, Ca' Montebello, Cantina di Casteggio, Cantina Storica il Montù, Caseo, Ca 'Tessitori, Cinzano, La Costaiola, Doria, Frecciarossa, Le Fracce, Fugazza, i Gessi Giorgi Isimbarda, Lino Maga, Marchese Adorno, Marchese di Montalto, Martini & Rossi, Mazzolino, Monsupello, Montelio, Pegazzera, Piccolo Bacco del Quaroni, Picchioni, Quaquarini, San Giorgio, San Michele ai Pianoni, Ruiz de Cardenas, Tenuta il Bosco, Travaglino, Vanzini, Vercesi del Castellazzo, Bruno Verdi, La Versa, Zonin.