The state in the northwest of the United States with the capital Salem lies between on the Pacific coast California and Washington, but viticulture is very different from these two countries. Oregon was only populated by whites relatively late in 1834. Viticulture was founded in the last third of the 19th century. Today Oregon is one of the largest and most important wine-growing countries in the USA and is on a par with California. Oregon is also an important supplier of Oak wood for american barriques, European grape varieties were first introduced towards the end of the 19th century. After the decline of viticulture by the American prohibition (1920-1933) primarily fruit and berry wines were then produced. Richard Sommer is one of the pioneers of modern viticulture from the 1960s HillCrest Winery, Davit Lett with Eyrie Vineyards and Dick Erath with Erath Vineyards, These ventured against the then prevailing and from the University of California represented opinion successfully to fully rely on European varieties. For example, are predestined Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, of which special Clones, the so-called Dijon clones, are in use. They were followed by many other dedicated winemakers.
The vineyards cover 6,000 hectares of vineyards. Most of it is in the north of the Willamette Valley, where the Cascade Mountains (part of the Rocky Mountains), which are around 4,000 meters high, protect against the continental, hot influences. The famous one is in the west iron- and clayey, red colored soil of the "Red Hills of Dundee" at McMinville, Newberg and Yamhill. The other areas are in the warmer southern part of the valley, as well as in the Tualatin Valley, Umpqua Valley and on the Columbia River. The climate is characterized by mild winters and cool, damp and long summers. It is very similar to those at a similar latitude Burgundy and Bordeaux, so it is very suitable for all grape varieties that do not tolerate too much heat.
The most common variety is Pinot Noir with over 4,500 hectares. The “International Pinot Noir Convention” takes place in McMinnville every year, at which lovers and producers from all over the world hold tastings. Other red wine varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Syrah, The main types of white wine are Chardonnay. Pinot gris. Gewurztraminer. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Blanc. Riesling. Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc, Oregon has one of the strictest wine laws in the USA. at varietals the share of the label specified grape variety at. 90%, with the Cabernet Sauvignon only 75%. As AVA are classified Applegate Valley, Chehalem Mountains, Columbia Gorge, Columbia Valley, Dundee Hills, Eola-Amity, McMinnville, Red Hill Douglas, Ribbon Ridge, Rogue Valley, Southern Oregon, Umpqua Valley, Walla Walla Valley, Willamette Valley and Yamhill-Carlton.
There are over 300 manufacturing operations, more than 80 of which are located in the greater Portland area. The most famous wineries include Adelsheim Vineyards, Amity. Archery Summit. Argyle, Beaux Frères (on whom Robert Parker jr. Shares), Brick House, Bridgeview, Chehalem, Domaine Drouhin, Domaine Serene, Elk Cove, Erath, Evesham Wood, Eyrie Vineyards, Firesteed, Foris Vineyard, Gran Moraine ( Kendall-Jackson ) HillCrest Winery, Ken Wright Cellars, King Estate, Oak Knoll, Panther Creek, Patricia Green Cellars, Penner-Ash, Ponzi, Rex Hill, Sokol Blosser, Torii Mor Winery, Van Duzer Winery, Willamette Valley Vineyards and Yamhill Valley Vineyards.