The state in the northwest of the United States Salem is located on the Pacific coast between California and Washington However, viticulture is very different from these two states. Oregon was settled relatively late by whites from 1834 onwards. Viticulture was established in the last third of the 19th century. Today, Oregon is one of the largest and most important wine-growing states of the USA and is equal to California. Oregon is also an important supplier of Oak wood for American barriques, At the end of the 19th century, European grape varieties were introduced for the first time. After the decline of viticulture by the American prohibition (1920-1933) were mainly produced for the time being mainly fruit and berry wines. As pioneers of modern viticulture from the 1960s, Richard Sommer with HillCrest Winery, Davit Lett with Eyrie Vineyards and Dick Erath with Erath Vineyards, These dared contrary to the then prevailing and of the University of California successful opinion of fully relying on European varieties. For example, predestined Chardonnay and Pinot Noir of which special Clones, the so-called Dijon clones, in use. They were followed by many more dedicated winemakers.
The vineyards cover 6,000 hectares of vineyards. Most of it is in the north of the Willamette Valley, where protect the approximately 4,000 -meter-high Cascade Mountains (part of the Rocky Mountains) from the continental, hot influences. To the west is the famous iron- and clay-bearing, red-colored soil of the Red Hills of Dundee near McMinville, Newberg and Yamhill. The other areas are located in the warmer southern part of the valley, as well as in the Tualatin Valley, Umpqua Valley and the Columbia River. The climate is characterized by mild winters and cool, wet and long summers. It is very similar to that at similar latitude Burgundy and Bordeaux so that it is very suitable for all grape varieties that do not tolerate too much heat.
The most common variety is Pinot Noir with over 4,500 acres. McMinnville hosts the annual International Pinot Noir Convention, which brings together food lovers and producers from around the world. Other red wines are Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Syrah, The most important white wines are Chardonnay. Pinot gris. Gewurztraminer. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Blanc. Riesling. Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc, Oregon has one of the strictest wine laws in the USA. at varietals the proportion of the am label specified grape variety for. 90%, Cabernet Sauvignon only 75%. When AVA are classified Applegate Valley, Chehalem Mountains, Columbia Gorge, Columbia Valley, Dundee Hills, Eola Amity, McMinnville, Red Hill Douglas, Ribbon Ridge, Rogue Valley, Southern Oregon, Umpqua Valley, Walla Walla Valley, Willamette Valley and Yamhill-Carlton.
There are over 300 manufacturing operations, more than 80 of which are in Greater Portland. Among the most famous wineries include Adelsheim Vineyards, Amity. Archery Summit. Argyle, Beaux Frères (at the Robert Parker jr. Shares), Brick House, Bridgeview, Chehalem, Domaine Drouhin, Domaine Serene, Elk Cove, Erath, Evesham Wood, Eyrie Vineyards, Firesteed, Foris Vineyard, Gran Moraine ( Kendall-Jackson ) HillCrest Winery Ken Wright Cellars, King Estate, Oak Knoll, Panther Creek, Patricia Green Cellars, Penner-Ash, Ponzi, Rex Hill, Sokol Blosser, Torii Mor Winery, Van Duzer Winery, Willamette Valley Vineyards, and Yamhill Valley Vineyards.