The state in the northwest of the USA Salem is located on the Pacific coast between California and Washington but viticulture is very different from these two states. Oregon was settled relatively late by whites from 1834 onwards. Viticulture was founded in the last third of the 19th century. At the end of the 19th century, European grape varieties were introduced for the first time. The climate is characterized by mild winters and cool, humid summers. It is very similar to the similar latitude French regions Burgundy and Bordeaux so that it is very suitable for all grape varieties that do not tolerate too much heat.
After the decline of viticulture by the American prohibition (1920-1933) were mainly produced for the time being mainly fruit and berry wines. As pioneers of modern viticulture from the 1960s, Richard Sommer with Hillcrest Winery, Davit Lett with Eyrie Vineyards and Dick Erath with Erath Vineyards, These dared contrary to the then prevailing and of the University of California successful opinion of fully relying on European varieties. For example, predestined Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, of which special Clones, the so-called Dijon clones, in use. They were followed by many more dedicated winemakers. Today, Oregon is one of the largest and most important wine-growing states of the United States and is equal to California. Oregon is also an important supplier of Oak wood for American barriques,
As AVA are classified Applegate Valley, Chehalem Mountains, Columbia Gorge, Columbia Valley, Dundee Hills, Eola-Amity, McMinnville, Red Hill Douglas, Ribbon Ridge, Rogue Valley, Southern Oregon, Umpqua Valley, Walla Walla Valley, Willamette Valley and Yamhill-Carlton. Much of the vineyards are located between the 500-kilometer coastal mountains in the west and the up to 3,500 -meter-high Cascade Range (part of the Rocky Mountains) in the east. They cover around 6,000 hectares with an upward trend.
The most common variety is Pinot Noir, which in 2008 occupied a total of 4,533 hectares. That was three times that of 1998. To the west of the Willamette Valley is the famous iron and clay, red-colored soil of the Red Hills of Dundee near McMinville, Newberg, and Yamhill. McMinnville hosts the annual International Pinot Noir Convention, which brings together food lovers and producers from around the world. Other varieties are Chardonnay. Pinot Gris. Cabernet Sauvignon. Gewurztraminer. Merlot. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Blanc and Riesling, Oregon has one of the strictest wine laws in the US. at varietals the proportion of the vine variety indicated on the label must be:. 90%, Cabernet Sauvignon only 75%.
There are over 300 manufacturing operations, more than 80 of which are in Greater Portland. Known are Adelsheim Vineyards, Amity. Archery Summit. Argyle, Beaux Frères (at the Robert Parker jr. Shares), Brick House, Bridgeview, Chehalem, Domaine Drouhin, Domaine Serene, Erath, Evesham Wood, Eyrie Vineyards, Firesteed, Foris Vineyard, Gran Moraine ( Kendall-Jackson ) Hillcrest Winery Ken Wright Cellars, King Estate, Oak Knoll, Panther Creek, Patricia Green Cellars, Penner-Ash, Ponzi, Rex Hill, Sokol Blosser, Torii Mor Winery, Van Duzer Winery, Willamette Valley Vineyards, and Yamhill Valley Vineyards.