The red variety is an interspecific new breed between Clinton x Black Hamburg ( Schiava Grossa ). Synonyms are Arnold 1, Arnold's Hybrid, Arnold's Hybrid 1, Canadian Hamburg, Canadian Hybrid, Challenge, Fekete Othello, Kek Othello, Mendoza, Otelo, Otelo Crno and Otello. They are genes of Vitis labrusca. Vitis riparia and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place in 1859 in Ontario / Canada by the private breeder Charles Arnold, The variety was crossing partner in the new breeds Folle Américaine and Gaillard 2 and was also often for rootstocks used. It is particularly suitable for calcareous soils. The vine produces strong, acid red wines. At the time of phylloxera disaster From the middle of the 19th century on, it became especially popular in Europe France planted on a large scale. In Austria she was earlier for the Uhudler but is now banned in the EU for wine production (see Quality wine-grape varieties ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)