The famous French viticulture scientist Louis Oudart is considered the birth father of the world famous Italian DOCG red wines Barbaresco and Barolo, It was built around 1850 by Giulietta Falletti, the Marquesa of Barolo (* 1785) in the municipality of Barolo in the Italian region Piedmont Appointed to assist her on her winery. Oudart was of the cultivated variety here Nebbiolo very impressed and recognized their great potential. He experimented with a then not practiced dry Expansion. The locals managed this hardly, the wine was mostly relative sweet and unstable and had only a short life. Due to the late maturity of Nebbiolo conditionally took place fermentation in the cold months of November and December and for a complete fermentation in those circumstances were the then yeasts not suitable. Another key reason was the lack of cleanliness in winemaking.
For the cellaring experiments King Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) even provided his hunting lodge Fontanafredda in the mountains of Serralunga d'Alba (province of Cuneo) and his son Emanuele Alberto (1851-1894) the vineyards around the hunting lodge. On this support by the then ruling dynasty is most likely the name " Wine of Kings - King of Wines "To lead back to the Barolo. In the basement, Oudart relies on the techniques of the cool Champagne where this problem was known. He moved the fermentation process into newly created, underground wine cellars and ensured constant optimum temperatures and highest cleanliness (how exactly he managed that is not known). Louis Oudart succeeded in cramping a fully dry, long-lived Barolo and began the triumphal march. The new type of wine quickly found favor in Turin and was one of the favorite drinks in the House of Savoy (Ruler of Piedmont).
The oenologist then similarly supported the Count and later Minister-President of Sardinia Camillo Cavour (1810-1861), who had studied modern agriculture in London. This possessed a vineyard in the Monferrato hills and wanted in the region among others new ones Vinification techniques introduce. At his winery Castello di Neive in the municipality of Barbaresco, Louis Odart succeeded in repeating the success achieved with Barolo. The dry-aged wine from the Nebbiolo grape was awarded in London. Under the name Barbaresco, the red wine but became known only at the end of the 19th century.
Some evidence suggests that with certain probability there has never been a Louis Oudart (although all known authors such as Jancis Robinson, Hugh Johnson and others call that name exactly). The net names Louis Oudart, Louise Oudart (sic) and Louis Odart are called. In French literature, there is no oudart that would have made anything remarkable in viticulture in the 19th century. So maybe somebody may have mispronounced the name sometime - and all of them have written off each other in sequence. So who is actually behind this person? Well - some speaks for Alexandre-Pierre Odart (1778-1866). This was a well-known oenologist, had good contacts with the Italian royal family, his life data, his international experience and the name Comte Odart fit, because in Italian literature at Barolo is often the famous Conte Odart the speech.