The famous French wine scientist Louis Oudart is considered the father of the world-famous Italian DOCG red wines Barbaresco and Barolo, He was around 1850 by Giulietta Falletti, the Marquesa of Barolo (* 1785) in the municipality of Barolo in the Italian region Piedmont appointed to provide them with advice on their winery. Oudart was of the variety cultivated here Nebbiolo very impressed and recognized their great potential. He experimented with a not practiced at the time dry Expansion. The locals hardly succeeded, the wine mostly got relatively sweet and unstable and had a short lifespan. Due to the late maturity of the Nebbiolo, the fermentation in the cold months of November and December and for a complete fermentation under these circumstances were those at that time yeasts not suitable. Another major reason was the lack of cleanliness in the winemaking process.
King Viktor Emanuel II (1820-1878) even provided his Fontanafredda hunting lodge in the Serralunga d'Alba mountains (province of Cuneo) and his son Emanuele Alberto (1851-1894) with the vineyards surrounding the hunting lodge for cellar experiments. This support from the ruling family at the time is most likely the name " Wine of the Kings - King of the Wines “To lead back for the Barolo. In the basement, Oudart relies on cool techniques Champagne where this problem was known. He relocated the fermentation process to newly built, underground wine cellars and ensured constant optimal temperatures and the highest level of cleanliness (how exactly he managed to do this is not known). Louis Oudart managed to press a fully dry, long-lived Barolo and the triumphal march began. The new type of wine quickly found favor in Turin and was one of the favorite drinks in the Savoy house (ruler of Piedmont).
The oenologist then similarly supported the count and later Prime Minister of Sardinia Camillo Cavour (1810-1861), who had studied modern agriculture in London. This had a vineyard in the Monferrato hills and wanted, among other things, new ones in the region Vinification techniques introduce. At his winery Castello di Neive in the municipality of Barbaresco, Louis Odart was able to repeat the success achieved with the Barolo. The dry wine from the Nebbiolo grape was awarded in London. However, the red wine did not become known under the name Barbaresco until the end of the 19th century.
Some evidence suggests that, with a certain probability, there has never been a Louis Oudart (although all well-known authors such as Jancis Robinson, Hugh Johnson and others call this name exactly). The names Louis Oudart, Louise Oudart (sic) and Louis Odart are mentioned online. There is no oudart in French literature that would have done remarkable things in viticulture in the 19th century. So somebody may have misspelled the name at some point - and everyone subsequently copied them. So who is actually behind this person? Well - there are some arguments for Alexandre-Pierre Odart (1778-1866). He was a well-known oenologist, had good contacts with the Italian royal family, his life dates, his international experience and the name Comte Odart fit, because in Italian literature Barolo often speaks of the famous Conte Odart.