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See below New world,

These include viticulture USA. South America. Australia. New Zealand and South Africa (you could also Canada should be expected). These areas were developed from the beginning of the 16th century through the great discovery and conquest trips for viticulture. Above all, the colonists had a religious motivation for viticulture, namely around altar wine to create. On the North American continent (especially on the east coast) there were numerous, proliferating in the forests Wild vines However, targeted cultivation and vinification was unknown among the natives. The colonists could due to the nature of the American vines do not get a drinkable wine from it. That's why people started growing European varieties everywhere. But mostly this was not successful, because the phylloxera. fungal diseases as mildew, other vine diseases and extreme climatic conditions caused most attempts to fail. The causes remained unknown for centuries.

It worked better in the south, where these diseases and pests did not exist to that extent. In Central America, there were local vines, but these were only used for consumption, because even here cultivated viticulture was unknown. The first area cultivating...

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