Winegrowing area (District) in South Africa named after the city 50 km northeast of Cape Town. He belongs to Coastal region and includes the wards before Paardeberg and Wellington, The name means "pearl", which refers to the lying at the foot of the city granite mountain "Paarl Rock". This glistens after rain in the sunshine like a pearl. On the hill rises the white pillar-shaped "Taal Monument", which is dedicated to the mainly spoken in South Africa Afrikaans language. At the end of the 17th century, French Huguenots emigrated to the area and brought with them their extensive viticultural skills. They justified there and in Stellenbosch the viticulture. From them the city Paarl was founded in 1717. Here is the seat of the largest cooperative KWV (Cooperative Wijnbowers Vereniging van Zuid Africa).
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot, dry summers and wet winters. The precipitation is usually sufficient, so an additional irrigation only in exceptional cases is necessary. The town of Paarl is dominated by granitic soils, on the banks of the Berg River more sandy soils. Surrounded by mountains vineyards cover 16,673 hectares of vineyards. They are 60% with the red wines Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Cinsault. Merlot. Pinotage. Pinot Noir. Ruby Cabernet and Shiraz, as well as to 40% with the white wines Chardonnay. Chenin Blanc. Colombard. Crouchen. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon planted.
Some of the best known producers in the Paarl district include Ashanti, Avondale, Backsberg Estate Black Pearl, Boland Kelder, Brenthurst Winery, Cathedral Cellare, Coleraine Wines, Cowlin Wines, David Frost Wines, Fairview. Glen Carlou. KWV. Landskroon Estate, Lievland Estate, Mellasat, Mont du Toit. Nederburg. Nelson's Creek Wine Estate. Plaisir de Merle. Ruitersvlei. Veenwouden. Villiera Estate and De Zoete Inval Wine Estate.