Wine growing area (District) in South Africa, which is named after the city 50 km northeast of Cape Town. He belongs to the Coastal region and includes the Wards Vor Paardeberg and Wellington, The name means "pearl", which refers to the granite mountain at the foot of the city "Paarl Rock". After rain, it glistens like a pearl in the sunshine. The “Taal Monument” made of white columns rises up on the mountain and is dedicated to Afrikaans, the language spoken mainly in South Africa. Towards the end of the 17th century, French Huguenots emigrated to the area and brought their extensive knowledge of viticulture with them. They justified there and in Stellenbosch viticulture. The city of Paarl was founded by them in 1717. The largest cooperative is based here KWV (Kooperatiewe Wijnbowers Vereniging van Zuid Africa).
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot, dry summers and wet winters. The rainfall is usually sufficient, so an additional irrigation is only necessary in exceptional cases. Granite soils predominate around the town of Paarl, and sandy soils on the banks of the Berg River. The vineyards bordered by mountains cover 16,673 hectares of vineyards. They are 60% with the red wine varieties Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Cinsault. Merlot. Pinotage. Pinot Noir. Ruby Cabernet and Shiraz, as well as 40% with the white wines Chardonnay. Chenin Blanc. Colombard. Crouchen. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon planted.
The best-known producers in the Paarl district include Ashanti, Avondale, Backsberg Estate, Black Pearl, Boland Kelder, Brenthurst Winery, Cathedral Cellare, Coleraine Wines, Cowlin Wines, David Frost Wines, Fairview. Glen Carlou. KWV. Landskroon Estate, Lievland Estate, Mellasat, Mont du Toit. Nederburg. Nelson's Creek Wine Estate. Plaisir de Merle. Ruitersvlei. Veenwouden. Villiera Estate and De Zoete Inval Wine Estate.