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palatinate

The growing area is in the state Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany, The vineyards cover 23,554 hectares of vineyards, so it is about Rheinhessen the second largest German cultivation area. Until 1995 it was called Rheinpfalz, the current name (lat. Palatium = palace) is derived from the count palatine of the Holy Roman Empire who lived in the city Heidelberg from the 13th to the middle of the 18th century. The first signs of viticulture existed long before the Romans Celtic Graves already 550 BC BC, which were found in Laumersheim and Bad Dürkheim. After the withdrawal of the Romans from this area, viticulture was revived in the 7th century with the advent of the monasteries. In the 8th century, over a hundred wine-growing towns were mentioned. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the first vineyard names appeared in this area, some of which have been preserved in the individual vineyard names to this day.

Map of the Pfalz region

The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and subsequent war events through the Reformation and Counter-Reformation caused great devastation and a decline in viticulture. Around the middle of the 19th century there was a new bloom, but through mildew and phylloxera another major slump by the end of this century. As a countermeasure, a fruit and viticulture school was founded in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse in 1899 in order to advance research and systematically train the winegrowers. After an eventful history, there was a crisis in the 1970s, from which the Palatinate recovered from the mid-1980s and innovative winegrowers, particularly with high-quality Rieslings, ensured dynamic further development. The Palatinate extends south of Worms in a belt shape in a length of 80 kilometers to the French border north of the Alsace and from the slopes of the Palatinate Forest to the Rhine valley,

Climate and soil

The climatic conditions for viticulture are ideal. There are dry, not too hot summers and mild winters. With around 1,800 hours of sunshine a year, the Palatinate is one of the warmest German cultivation areas with almost Mediterranean climate, The floors on the Haardt consist entirely of mixtures of sand, clay, marl and clay. The soils on the Southern Wine Route are considered to be more nutritious and therefore heavier due to their higher clay content. In the Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse area there are lighter soils that are more permeable to water. Limestone soils dominate at the edge of the hill.

Areas, municipalities and locations

Viticulture is practiced in a total of 144 Palatinate villages, especially in the southern and southern Palatinate on the western edge of the plain between the Rhine and the Palatinate Forest. The wine growing region was originally divided into three parts and was divided from south to north into Ober-, Mittel- and Unterhaardt. In 1935 the German Wine Route created as the first of its kind. It runs from Bockenheim in the north to Schweigen-Rechtenbach on the French border. The two Palatinate areas Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstraße and Südliche Weinstraße have been named after her since 1969, and are divided into a total of 25 large locations with 325 individual layers.

The Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse area begins in the north on the border with Rheinhessen and extends across the Zellertal, Grünstadt and Bad Dürkheim to Neustadt an der Weinstrasse. Lighter and well-drained loamy sandy to sandy loam soils predominate here. Deep loess soils are predominant on the hills and in the plains, where they are interspersed with clay and clay. The area is divided into 16 major locations: Feuerberg, Grafenstück, Hochmeß, Hofstück, Höllenpfad, Honigsäckel, Kobnert, Mariengarten, Meerspinne, Pfaffengrund, Rebstöckel, Rosenbühl, Schenkenböhl, Schnepfenflug from the Weinstrasse, Schnepfenflug from the Zellertal and Schwarzerde. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:

The Südliche Weinstraße area lies within the district of the same name and extends from the Alsatian border in the south (some areas are located near Weissenburg even on French territory) to the southern edge of Neustadt / Weinstraße. Loess and loam soils predominate here. The area is divided into nine major locations: Bischofskreuz, Guttenberg, Herrlich, Liebfrauenberg Monastery, Königsgarten, Mandelhöhe, Ordensgut, Ludwigshöhe Castle and Trappenberg. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Albersweiler : Latt
  • Alsterweiler : Kapellenberg
  • Appenhofen : stone bit
  • Arzheim : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rosenberg, Beatitudes
  • Billigheim : Rosenberg, Sauschwänzel, stone bit, Venusbuckel
  • Billigheim-Ingenheim : Pfaffenberg
  • Birkweiler : Kastanienbusch. Mandelberg. Rosenberg
  • Burrweiler : Altenforst, Schäwer, Schlossgarten (in the golden Jost), St. Annaberg
  • Edenkoben : Bergel, Blucherhöhe, Heidegarten, Heilig Kreuz, chestnut garden, Kirchberg, monastery garden, Mühlberg, Schwarzer Letten
  • Edesheim : forest, almond slope, rose garden, castle
  • Eschbach : rabbits
  • Essingen : Osterberg, Rossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Flemlingen : Herrenbuckel, Vogelsprung, Zechpeter
  • Frankweiler : Biengarten, Kalkgrube
  • Freinsheim : Goldberg, Musikantenbuckel, Oschelskopf, Black Cross
  • Gleisweiler : hell
  • Göcklingen : Kaiserberg
  • Godramstein : Münzberg
  • Hainfeld : chapel, church piece, Latvians
  • Hochstadt : Red Mountain
  • Ilbesheim near Landau : Kalmit (only since 2010), Rittersberg, Sonnenberg
  • Insheim : shepherd's garden
  • Kirrweiler : Mandelberg, Upper Castle, Römerweg
  • Klingenmünster : Maria Magdalena
  • Knöringen : Hohenrain
  • Landau : Altes Löhl, Herrenberg, Höhe, Kaiserberg, church piece, Münzberg, Mütterle, Pfaffenberg
  • Leinsweiler : Sonnenberg
  • May Chamber : Heiligenberg, Immengarten, Kapellenberg, church piece
  • Mühlhofen : Rosenberg
  • Niederhorbach : Silberberg
  • Nussdorf : Herrenberg, Kaiserberg, church piece
  • Rhodt unter Rietburg : monastery path, rose garden, Schlossberg
  • Rohrbach : almond path
  • Roschbach : Rosary beads
  • Silence : Sonnenberg (Kammerberg, Raedling, St. Paul, Strohlenberg in Alsace)
  • Siebeldingen : In the sunshine (with Gewann Ganshorn), Mönchspfad, Rosenberg
  • St. Martin : Baron, Kirchberg
  • Venningen : Doctor
  • Walsheim : Silberberg
  • Weyher in the Palatinate : Michelsberg
  • Wollmesheim : Mütterle

Blend

The Riesling is still the undisputed leader with a quarter of the vineyard area. As in the other growing areas, the proportion of Burgundy varieties has risen sharply; the biggest climbers are Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
Common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rheinriesling White 5865 24.9 5546
Dornfelder - red 2902 12.3 3138
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 1875 8.0 2298
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 1716 7.3 1070
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 1683 7.2 1582
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1343 5.7 2092
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 1303 4.5 913
Kerner - White 765 3.3 1105
Chardonnay - White 760 3.2 489
Sylvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner White 576 2.5 825
regent - red 535 2.3 632
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 528 2.2 224
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 481 2.0 353
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 335 1.4 408
Merlot - red 328 1.4 225
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 283 1.2 301
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 206 0.9 153
Morio Muscat Morio White 189 0.8 260
Ortega - White 165 0.7 212
Yellow muscatel muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 134 0.6 61
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 134 0.6 159
dark fields - red 126 0.5 178
Huxelrebe - White 119 0.5 180
Bacchus - White 107 0.5 139
Acolon - red 106 0.5 115
Cabernet Dorsa - red 93 0.4 79
Cabernet Blanc White 90 0.4 -
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 79 0.3 61
Cabernet Mitos - red 75 0.3 79
Heroldrebe - White 64 0.3 94
Frühburgunder Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 53 0.2 62
Cabernet Franc - red 40 0.2 6
Syrah Shiraz red 37 0.2 13
Rieslaner - White 36 0.2 39
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 43 0.2 39
Solaris - White 35 0.2 9
Cabernet Cubin - red 32 0.1 32
Siegerrebe - White 31 0.1 32
Goldmuskateller - White 23 0.1 -
Faberrebe - White 20 0.1 47
Cabernet Dorio - red 11 0.1 12
Ehrenfelser - White 11 0.1 28
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 11 0.1 3
Johanniter - White 11 0.1 8th
Pinotin - red 10 - -
Viognier - White 10 - -
Dakapo - red 9 - 11
Muscaris - White 9 - -
Phoenix - White 8th - 9
Tempranillo - red 8th - -
chancellor - White 7 - 10
Albalonga - White 6 - 5
Kernling - White 5 - 4
Muscat Ottonel - White 5 - 4
Domina - red 4 - 7
Cabertin - red 4 - -
Red muscatel muscatel White 4 - -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3 - 3
Reichensteiner - White 3 - 8th
Souvignier Gris - White 3 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 2 - 0
jewel - White 2 - 2
Muskat-TrollingerMuscat d'Hamburg red 2 - 1
Saphira - White 2 - -
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 2 - 4
Deckrot - red 1 - 1
hibernal - White 1 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 1 - 3
Palas - red 1 - 1
pearl - White 1 - 2
Schönburger - White 1 - 2
White Gutedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 1 - 0
Würzer - White 1 - 3
Blue Silvaner - White 0 - -
Cabernet carbon - red 0 - -
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Helfensteiner - red 0 - 0
Hoelder - White 0 - 1
malmseyFrühroter Veltliner, Formerly red White 0 - 0
Nobling - White 0 - 1
Piroso - red 0 - -
prior - red 0 - -
rondo - White 0 - 0
Red Elbling Elbling White 0 - 0
Staufer - White 0 - 1
Villaris - White 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White - - 0
teinturierComplexion of Cher red - - 0
Helfensteiner - red - - 0
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Orion - White - - 0
Précoce de Malingre Formerly Malingre, Malinger White - - 0
principal - White - - 0
Regner - White - - 0
Silcher - White - - 0
Sirius - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 49 0.2 57
otherwise. red varieties - red 33 0.1 22
WHITE VARIETIES 15382 65.3 14425
RED VARIETIES 8172 34.7 9042
TOTAL 23554 100 23467


producers

There are over 20 Winzergenossenschaften with some very small member companies that cultivate around a fifth of the area under vines. A well-known winegrowers' association is Palatinate Forum, Well-known producers are Acham-Magin. Ackermann Frank. Aloisiushof. Andres Jürgen & Armin. Argus Peter. Bärenhof. Bassermann-Jordan. Becker Friedrich. Benderhof. Benzinger. Bergdolt ripe and nice. Bergdolt St. Lamprecht. Bernhart. Bietighöfer. Biffar Josef. Bohnenstiel. Borell-Diehl. Braun Fritz. Brenneis Cook. Castel Peter. Christmann Arnold. Corbet. Darting Helmut. Diehl Andreas. Doppler Hertel. Dr. Bürklin-Wolf. Dr. Wehrheim. Ehrhart. Emil Bauer & Sons. Erlenwein. Eymann Rainer. Fader Kastanienhof. Feitig Judge. Fitz-Ritter. Forster Wine Association. Fork Oliver & Wolfgang. Galler Ansgar. Gaul Karl-Heinz. Gaul-Triebel. Brothers Bart. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Heirs. Gies chaff. Gnägy. Gut Zumstein. Hagenbuch Lothar. Hanewald-Schwerdt. Heinz Bus & Son. Henninger IV. Henninger Walter. Herrenhof Schmitzer. Jesuitenhof. Jülg Werner. Karst Ernst. Kassner-Simon. Kaub Karl-Heinz. Kimich. Little Gerhard. clippers. Chef Bernhard. Koehler-Ruprecht. Boris wreath. Krauss Harald. Cancer Harald.

Kuhn Philipp. Walter Lange. Leiner Bruno. Lergenmüller. Lorentz. Lucashof. Margarethenhof. Meier - winery in Weyher. Mesel. Messmer Herbert. Meyer Frank. Meyer Stefan. Minges Theo. Mosbacher Georg. Möwes. Müller-Catoir. Müller Eugen. Münzberg. Naegele Georg. Neiss Axel. Odinstal. Ohler Johann. Economics Council Rebholz. Petri. Pfaffmann Karl. Pfaffmann Wolfgang. pfeffingen. Rebenhof Leiner. Reichsrat von Buhl. Reinhardt Stefan. around. Sandwiese. Sauer Heiner. Schaefer Karl. Shy Klaus. Schlossgut Janson. Schmitt Egon. Schneider Eugen. Schneider Fritz. Scholler Helmut. Schumacher. Seeber Winfried. Siben. Siegrist. Sienese Peter. SieneR - Wettstein. Spindler Heinrich. Sting Erich. St. Annaberg. Stern Wolfgang and Dominic. Stübinger Peter. Studier. Villa Wolf. Wachtenburg winegrowers. Wageck-Pfaffmann. Waldkirch. Walter Fritz. Weegmüller. Wegner Joachim. Weik Bernd. Winery on the Nile. Winning Winery. Wilhelmshof. Herxheim am Berg wine cooperative. Wolf Michael. Mario tent. Zeter Oliver. Ziegler August and Zöller Hermann,

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