The white grape comes from Italy, Synonyms are Pallagrella Bianca, Pallagrello Bianco Avellino, Pallagrello di Avellino, Pallarella and Piedimonte Bianco. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities (grapes in foxtail form) not with the varieties Coda di Volpe Bianca (was synonymous with Pallagrello Bianco) or Pignoletto (Pallagrello Bianco). The parentage is unknown. It is in any case not a color mutation from Pallagrello Nero,
Both varieties were planted under the then names Piedimonte Bianco and Piedimonte Rosso in the famous "Vigna del Ventaglio" on Monte San Leucio. This near the Royal Palace of Caserta in Campania The vineyard, which has disappeared today, was completed by the famous architect Luigi Vanvitelli (1700-1773) or his son in 1775 for King Ferdinand I of Sicily (1751-1825). He was created half round in the form of a ten-segmented compartment with ten grape varieties.
Both formerly widespread varieties were nearly extinct and were reactivated by the lawyer and hobbyist Peppe Mancini in the 1990s. The medium to late ripening, low-yielding vine is resistant to Botrytis, It produces alcohol-rich, but rather low-acid white wines with aromas of peaches and apricots. The variety is cultivated mainly in the Campanian province of Caserta. In 2010, a total acreage of 55 hectares was designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service