The white grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Pallagrella Bianca, Pallagrello Bianco Avellino, Pallagrello di Avellino, Pallarella and Piedimonte Bianco. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological Similarities (foxtail-shaped grapes) not to the varieties Coda di Volpe Bianca (was synonymous with Pallagrello Bianco) or Pignoletto (Pallagrello Bianco) can be confused. The parentage is unknown. In any case, it is not a color mutation of Pallagrello Nero,
Both varieties were planted under the then names Piedimonte Bianco and Piedimonte Rosso in the famous "Vigna del Ventaglio" on Monte San Leucio. This near the Royal Palace of Caserta in Campania The vineyard, which has disappeared today, was completed by the famous architect Luigi Vanvitelli (1700-1773) or his son in 1775 for King Ferdinand I of Sicily (1751-1825). It was semicircular in the form of a fan divided into ten segments with ten grape varieties.
Both previously widespread varieties were almost extinct and were reactivated by the lawyer and hobby winemaker Peppe Mancini in the 1990s. The medium to late ripening, low-yielding vine is resistant to Botrytis, It produces alcohol-rich, but rather low-acid white wines with aromas of peaches and apricots. The variety is mainly cultivated in the Campanian province of Caserta. In 2010, a total area of 55 hectares was designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service