The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Coda di Volpe Nera, Mangiaguerra, Pallagrella Nera, Pallagrello Nero di Pico, Piedilungo, Piedimonte Rosso. It is not a color mutation of the varieties Coda di Volpe Bianca or Pallagrello Bianco, According to in 2001 DNA analysis there is a close relationship to the variety Casa Vecchia, The parentage is unknown. In any case, it is not a color mutation of Pallagrello Bianco,
Both varieties were planted under the then names Piedimonte Bianco and Piedimonte Rosso in the famous "Vigna del Ventaglio" on Monte San Leucio. This near the Royal Palace of Caserta in Campania The vineyard, which has disappeared today, was completed by the famous architect Luigi Vanvitelli (1700-1773) or his son in 1775 for King Ferdinand I of Sicily (1751-1825). It was semicircular in the form of a fan divided into ten segments with ten grape varieties.
Both Pallagrello varieties were almost extinct and were reactivated by the lawyer and hobby winemaker Peppe Mancini in the 1990s. The medium to late ripening, low-yielding vine is resistant to Botrytis, It produces red wines rich in tannins with cherry aromas. The variety is cultivated in small quantities mainly in the Campanian province of Caserta, as well as in Avellino and Campobasso. In 2010, a total area of 169 hectares was reported (cym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service