The white grape variety comes from Spain. There are around 130 Synonyms that testify to the old age of the vine. The most important of which are grouped alphabetically by country are Merseguera ( Algeria ); Blanc d'Anjou, Chasselas de Jesus, Guignard de Saintours 1, Listan, Listan de Jerez, Palomina Blanche, Point Noir ( France ); Bianco ( Italy ); Golden Chasselas ( California ); Assario, Diagalves, Listão, Listrão, Madera, Malvasia Rei, Mourisco, Perrum ( Portugal ); Albán, Albar, Albillo de Lucena, Jerez, Jerezana, Jerez de la Frontera, Jerez Dorado, Jerez Fina, Jerez Fino, Listán Blanco, Listán Comun, Manzanilla de Sanlucar, Ojo de Liebre, Orcaculo, Palomina, Palomina Blanca, Palomino Basto, Palomino de Chipiona, Palomino de Jerez, Palomino del Pinchito, Palomino Fino, Palomino Fino des Xeres, Palomino Listán, Palomino Macho, Palomino Pelusón, Palominos, Palote, Paulo, Temprana, Tempranilla, Tempranillo de Granada, Xeres, Zarcillarda ( Spain ); Fransdruif, White French, White French Fransdruif ( South Africa ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Albillo de Albacete. Diagalves. Listán de Huelva. Merseguera or Sémillon be confused.
It will be between the two game types Palomino Fino (with two different sub-types Palomino Pelusón and Palomino Macho regarding leaves) and Palomino . Although they are ampelographically related blossoms make a difference, they are in accordance DNA analysis genetically identical. The parentage is unknown, the parents may already be extinct. It is not a color mutation of the red variety Palomina Negra ( Listán Prieto ), however, a close genetic relationship cannot be ruled out. Palomino was a crossing partner of the new varieties abaca. Abadesa. Albadrina. Albana Devej. Bruja. Calina (2) cantaro (2) Chasan. Colomino. Corredera. Medina (2) Monja. Pajolera. yedra,
It is an old variety Andalusia, which was previously widespread especially under the name Listán . The name Palomino was supposedly given to Fernán Yáñez Palomino, a knight of the Castilian king Alfonso X. (1221-1284). The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to bunch rot but prone to anthracnose and both mildews, It produces low-acid white wines with a neutral taste, which oxidation tend. This comes of generation oxidatively developed, fortified wines.
In Spain Palomino is the main grape variety for the sherry, It occupies in the Andalusian area Jerez around 90% of the vineyard area. Furthermore, it is in the area Condado de Huelva, the two areas Bierzo and Rueda in Castile and Leon, as well as Listán Blanco on the Canary Islands grown. The variety is shown under different names in Spain with a total of 18,836 hectares with a downward trend.
In Portugal it is mostly in the field Douro represented where it is used for simple simple table wines and fortified wines. Here she occupied 3,033 hectares of vineyards. In France will it be in the Gascogne (e.g. for distillation of Armagnac ) and in Languedoc grown on 134 hectares. There were smaller stocks in Argentina (115 ha), Australia. California. Mexico (109 ha), New Zealand (14 ha), South Africa (270 ha), United States (135 ha) and Cyprus, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 22,645 hectares of vineyards with a strongly decreasing tendency (ten years earlier it was 30,297 hectares). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 38.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)