The white grape variety comes from Spain. There are around 130 Synonyms that testify to a high age of the vine. The most important of which are alphabetically grouped by country are Merseguera ( Algeria ); Blanc d'Anjou, Chasselas de Jesus, Guignard de Saintours 1, Listan, Listan de Jerez, Palomina Blanche, Point Noir ( France ); Bianco ( Italy ); Golden Chasselas ( California ); Assario, Diagalves, Listão, Listrão, Madera, Malvasia Rei, Mourisco, Perrum ( Portugal ); Albán, Albar, Alberto de Lucena, Jerez, Jerezana, Jerez de la Frontera, Jerez Dorado, Jerez Fina, Jerez Fino, Listán Blanco, Listán Comun, Manzanilla de Sanlucar, Ojo de Liebre, Orcaculo, Palomina, Palomina Blanca, Palomino Basto, Palomino de Chipiona, Palomino de Jerez, Palomino del Pinchito, Palomino Fino, Palomino Fino of Xeres, Palomino Listán, Palomino Macho, Palomino Peluson, Palominos, Palote, Paulo, Temprana, Tempranilla, Tempranillo de Granada, Xeres, Zarcillarda ( Spain ); Fransdruif, White French, White French Fransdruif ( South Africa ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Albillo de Albacete. Diagalves. Listán de Huelva. Merseguera or Sémillon be confused.
It will be between the two game types Palomino Fino (with respect to leaves different sub-species Palomino Pelusón and Palomino Macho) and Palomino distinguished. Although they are ampelographically related blossoms make a difference, they are according to DNA analysis genetically identical. The parentage is unknown, possibly the parents are already extinct. It is not a color mutation the red variety Palomina Negra ( Listán Prieto ), but a close genetic relationship can not be ruled out. Palomino was crossing partner of the new breeds abaca. Abadesa. Albadrina. Albana Devej. Bruja. Calina (2) cantaro (2) Chasan. Colomino. Corredera. Medina (2) Monja. Pajolera. yedra,
It is an old variety Andalusia, which used to be widespread, especially under the name Listán . The name Palomino was allegedly given to Fernán Yáñez Palomino, a knight of the Castilian king Alfonso X (1221-1284). The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to bunch rot but prone to anthracnose and both mildews, It produces low-acid white wines of neutral taste, which are used to oxidation tend. This comes the generation oxidatively developed, opposed to sparkling wines.
In Spain Palomino is the main grape variety for the sherry, It occupies the Andalusian area Jerez about 90% of the vineyard. Furthermore she will be in the area Condado de Huelva the two areas Bierzo and Rueda in Castile and Leon, as well as Listán Blanco on the Canary Islands grown. The variety is shown in Spain under various names with a total of 18,836 hectares with decreasing trend.
In Portugal is she mostly in the field Douro representing simple simple table wines and fortified wines. Here she occupied 3,033 hectares of vineyards. In France she will be in the Gascogne (eg for distillation of Armagnac ) and in Languedoc grown on 134 hectares. There were smaller stocks in Argentina (115 ha), Australia. California. Mexico (109 ha), New Zealand (14 ha), South Africa (270 ha), United States (135 ha) and Cyprus, The variety occupied a total of 22,645 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a strong declining trend (ten years earlier, there were still 30,297 hectares). It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 38.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)