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The later saint (also regionally Pankraz or Gratz) was in Phrygia in today's around 290 Turkey Born the son of a wealthy Roman, he suffered martyrdom in Rome around 304. According to legend, he traveled to Rome with his uncle Dionys in 303. The name means "the one who defeats all". With his inherited fortune, he helped persecuted Christians there, especially the prisoners for their faith. After the uncle's death, Pancratius was captured by one of Emperor Diocletian's (236-312) persecution orders and brought before the emperor. The 14-year-old did not allow himself to be dissuaded from the faith, despite all the temptations, so he was beheaded in public and afterwards his body was thrown to the dogs for feeding. In 500 a church was built over his grave, in the place of today's Church of San Pancrazio.

Pankratius beheading (relief in the church of San Pancrazio Rome and relic in Wil (St.Gallen Switzerland)

Pancratius is one of the five Eisheiligen, his feast day is May 12th. He is the patron saint of first communicants and children, of young seeds and blossom, against perjury and false testimony as well as a headache. He is often represented in armor with a sword, martyr's crown and palm tree. The right picture shows an allegedly real relic in the parish church of Wil (canton St. Gallen in Switzerland). But this is one of the numerous miraculous increases in relics, especially in the Middle Ages, because the bones and the head of the martyr are in the Church of San Pancrazio in Rome. Two calendar sayings related to viniculture are: freeze 1) W hen's at St. Pancras, will be much ruined in the vineyard. 2) If Sankt Pankratius is beautiful, you will see good wine. S ee also under Bauernregeln. Customs in viticulture and wine Saints,

Left picture: Von Lalupa - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link
Right picture: Von Dbu - Own work, CC BY 2.5 , Link

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