The red grape variety most likely comes from Spain. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Bonvedro, False Carignan ( Australia ); Espagnin Noir ( France ); Bastardão, Bonvedro, Bomvedro, Lambrusco de Alentejo, Monvedro, Monvedro do Algarve, Monvedro de Sines, Murteira, Olho Branco, Pau Ferro, Perrel, Preto Foz, Preto João Mendes, Tinta Caiada, Tinta Grossa, Tinta Lameira, Tintorro, Torres de Algarve ( Portugal ); Bonifaccencu, Bonifacienco, Carenisca, Caricagiola ( Sardinia ); Bastardo, Cua Tendra, Parrel, Salceño Negro ( Spain ). Despite apparently suggestive synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Graciano. mazuelo (Carignan) or Monvedro be confused. By DNA analysis it was found that the varieties Carcajolo Noir, Carenisca, Parraleta, Salceño Negro and Tinta Caiada are identical.
The variety probably comes from the Spanish area Somontano in the province of Huelva. It was mentioned as Parrel in 1765. The vine has probably spread from Spain to Portugal and via Sardinia to Corsica (or vice versa). The early ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis, It produces deep dark, alcohol-rich red wines with a fragrant aroma. In Spain Since the 1970s, the area under vines has drastically reduced to just 56 hectares. In Portugal it is mostly grown under Tinta Caiada and has 171 hectares of vineyards. In Italy it is in Apulia. Veneto and under the name Carcajolo Nero Sardinia grown and occupied a total of 119 hectares. On Corsica only two hectares were recorded under the name Carcajolo Noir. In 2010, 348 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service