The red grape probably comes from Spain. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country are Bonvedro, False Carignan ( Australia ); Espagnin Noir ( France ); Bastardão, Bonvedro, Bomvedro, Lambrusco de Alentejo, Monvedro, Monvedro do Algarve, Monvedro de Sines, Murteira, Olho Branco, Pau Ferro, Perrel, Preto Foz, Preto Joao Mendes, Tinta Caiada, Tinta Grossa, Tinta Lameira, Tintorro, Torres de Algarve ( Portugal ); Bonifaccencu, Bonifacienco, Carenisca, Caricagiola ( Sardinia ); Bastardo, Cua Tendra, Parrel, Salceño Negro ( Spain ). Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Graciano. mazuelo (Carignan) or Monvedro be confused. By DNA analysis it was found that the varieties Carcajolo Noir, Carenisca, Parraleta, Salceño Negro and Tinta Caiada are identical.
The variety probably comes from the Spanish area Somontano in the province of Huelva. It was already mentioned in 1765 under the name Parrel. The vine probably spread from Spain to Portugal, as well as via Sardinia to Corsica (or vice versa). The early ripening vine is prone to Botrytis, It produces deep dark, alcohol-rich red wines with a fragrant aroma. In Spain Since the 1970s, the vineyard has drastically reduced to only 56 hectares. In Portugal It is mostly grown under Tinta Caiada and occupied 171 hectares of vineyards. In Italy she will be in Apulia. Veneto and under the name Carcajolo Nero Sardinia cultivated and occupied there a total of 119 hectares. On Corsica under the name Carcajolo Noir, only two hectares were recorded. In 2010, 348 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service