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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.543 Keywords • 48.934 Synonyms • 5.291 Translations • 7.918 Pronunciations • 147.029 Cross-references

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Parthenocissus

Botanical name (parthenos = virgin, kissos = ivy) of the deciduous, liana-like climbing plant with the German names Jungfernrebe, Mauerkatze, Mauerwein, Veitschi or Zaunrebe. It is one of the 12 genera within the grapevine family (Vitaceae) - as well as Vitis, to which the cultivated vines counting. With the exception of the Vitis, all other genera are colloquially referred to as "Wild Wine". However, this may not be with the Wild vines, the wild form of cultivated vines are equated. Mostly zwittrigen Flowers may mature into dark blue or black solitary rather inedible berries.

Parthenocissus vitacae and Parthenocissus tricuspidata

There are 13 species that are native to the forests of Asia and North America. These include Parthenocissus heptaphylla (Texas and Mexico), Parthenocissus quinquefolia (eastern North America), Parthenocissus chinensis, Parthenocissus dalzielii, Parthenocissus laetevirens, Parthenocissus suberosa, Parthenocissus thomsonii, Parthenocissus tricuspidata = Veitschi (China, Japan and Korea) and Parthenocissus vitacea (Western and northern North America). The peculiarity are the sprout branches at the end, which are converted into disc-shaped detention organs. With the help of these trappings they usually climb a lot frost hard Plant trees and walls up to 20 meters in height and more and do not need any climbing aids. Due to their decorative brightly colored leaves, they are often referred to as ornamental vines used for greening of houses or fences, which is why they are also called "Architectentrost". See also below Vines systematics,

Picture left: By Sten , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture right: By IKAl - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5 , Link
both edited by N. Tischelmayer 4/2019

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