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22.509 Keywords • 49.703 Synonyms • 5.294 Translations • 7.929 Pronunciations • 145.321 Cross-references

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Parthenocissus

Botanical name (parthenos = virgin, kissos = ivy) of the deciduous, liana-like climbing plant with the German names Jungfernrebe, Mauerkatze, Mauerrebe, Mauerwein, Veitschi, Veitschrebe or Zaunrebe. It is one of the 12 genera within the grapevine family (Vitaceae) - as well as Vitis, to which the cultivated vines counting. With the exception of the Vitis, all other genera are colloquially referred to as "wild wine". However, this may not be with the Wild vines, which are equated to the wild form of cultivated vines. There are about 15 species that are native to the forests of the Himalayas, East Asia and North America. Mostly zwittrigen Flowers may mature into dark blue or black solitary rather inedible berries.

Species are Parthenocissus heptaphylla (Texas and Mexico), Parthenocissus tricuspidata = Veitschi (Japan, China and Korea), Parthenocissus quinquefolia (eastern North America), Parthenocissus thomsonii (China) and Parthenocissus vitacea (western and northern North America). The peculiarity are the sprout branches at the end, which are converted into disc-shaped adhesive organs. With the help of these trays, the mostly very frost-hardy plants climb trees and walls up to 20 meters in height and more and do not need any climbing aids. Due to their decorative brightly colored, deep-sawn leaves, they are often referred to as ornamental vines used for greening of walls or fences, which is why they also called "Architectentrost". See also below Vines systematics,

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