Italian term for one sweet wine respectively. Dessert wine from raisin grapes, that is mostly air or sun-dried grapes. The name is derived from "appassito" (wilt, appassire = wither, appassimento = wither, drying). This has an ancient tradition in Italy, because already in the antiquity this became with the raisin wine passum practiced. Passito corresponds to this from the drying process of the grapes Strohwein, There are different drying processes. The grapes are either left on the vine or dried after the harvest. In the second case, the grapes are hung on racks or spread flat and loosely on wooden slats, straw or reed mats. The main purpose is dehydration and thereby concentration of the sugar and extract content. The potential alcohol content increases by at least a third.
The grapes are dried for several months from September to January in dry and cool air. This is usually done under the roof with the windows open to prevent rotting and mold through the air circulation. Drying in the sun is still partly on Sicily or on Greek islands like Santorini applied. However, important flavorings can be lost. An accelerated process is also used, in which the grapes are dried under warm air from 30 to 35 ° Celsius.
When the grapes have shrunk like a raisin, they are pressed very gently. With red grapes is usually done stemming, Depending on the type of wine desired, fermentation takes place in small wooden barrels with a volume of around 50 liters (Caratelli) or larger containers. It can because of the high sugar content take several months. Individual producers interrupt fermentation several times, which can take two to three years. The mostly very sweet and golden yellow wine has aromas of dried fruit and honey. Such wines usually have a relatively high proportion volatile acids,
But there is not only sweet, but also dry advanced versions such as the Valpolicella version Amarone, Dried grapes are used in the DOC / DOCG Passito variants Albana di Romagna. Malvasia delle Lipari. Montefalco Sagrantino and Pantelleria, as well as with many variants of the produced all over Italy Vin Santo used. That in Veneto as Recioto The procedure described is very similar to the Passito. However, Passito is not allowed to use the same method used in Valpolicella Ripasso be confused.
All work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,