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patulin

Of molds formed by metabolism mycotoxin (Fungal poison). Synonyms are gigantin, claviformin, clavacin, clavatin, expansin, leucopenin, mycoin, penantin and penicidin. The substance is mainly through the mushroom genera Aspergillus, Byssochlamys and Penicillium educated. Moldy or from bunch rot infested grapes have an increased level of patulin. In higher doses, the poison causes nausea and, in extreme cases, can damage the liver. The health risk is rather low compared to other mycotoxins. The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends a maximum value of 50 mg / l. Another very dangerous mycotoxin is Ochratoxin A,

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