Area with around 16,500 hectares of vineyards east and southeast around the eponymous city of Nantes (Loire Atlantique department). It is the westernmost area of the French wine region Loire
near the Atlantic. The Romans brought their vines to this area at the beginning of the era. An extremely cold winter in 1709, which even freezed the sea along the coast, destroyed all the vineyards. The restocking then took place with the Melon de Bourgogne grape variety (here they are called Muscadet) from Burgundy, from which subsequently very special wines typical of this area lees
(Sur lie) were produced.
A sign with the inscription "Ici Berceau du Muscadet" in the Château da la Cassemichère in the municipality of La Chapelle-Heulin marks the place where the first vines were planted in 1740. The Atlantic climate is characterized by the nearby sea, the vineyards lie on stony soils mixed with igneous rock on sunny slopes. There are appellations Coteaux d'Ancenis
. Fiefs Vendéens
. Gros Plant du Pays Nantais
(as well as Muscadet-Coteaux de la Loire, Muscadet-Côtes de Grand Lieu, Muscadet-Sèvre et Maine). The appellation closes west of Pays Nantais Anjou