Area (also Nantais for short) with around 16,500 hectares of vineyards east and southeast around the eponymous city of Nantes in the Loire Atlantique department and partly in the Maine-et-Loire and Vendée departments. It is the westernmost area of the French wine region Loire near the Atlantic Ocean. The Romans brought their vines to this area at the beginning of the era. An extremely cold winter in 1709, the frosts even freezing the sea along the coast destroyed all the vineyards. The restocking then took place with the from the Burgundy imported grape variety Melon de Bourgogne (here called Muscadet), from which subsequently very special wines typical of this area lees (Sur lie) were produced. A sign with the inscription "Ici Berceau du Muscadet" in the Château da la Cassemichère in the municipality of La Chapelle-Heulin marks the place where the first vines were planted in 1740. The Atlantic climate is characterized by the nearby sea, the vineyards lie on stony soils mixed with igneous rock on sunny slopes. There are appellations in the Pays Nantais area Coteaux d'Ancenis. Fiefs Vendéens. Gros Plant du Pays Nantais and Muscadet, The appellation closes west of Pays Nantais Anjou on.