Area with about 16,500 hectares of vineyards east and southeast to the eponymous city of Nantes (Loire Atlantique). It is the westernmost area of the French winegrowing region Loire
near the Atlantic. The Romans brought their vines already in the beginning of the era in this area. An extremely cold winter in 1709, which even allowed the sea to freeze along the coast, destroyed all the vineyards. The reforestation then took place with the introduced from Burgundy grape Melon de Bourgogne (here it is called Muscadet), from the following in the very special and typical for this area wines lees
(Sur lie) were produced.
A sign with the inscription "Ici Berceau du Muscadet" in the Château da la Cassemichère in the municipality of La Chapelle-Heulin indicates the place where the first vines were planted in 1740. The Atlantic climate is characterized by the nearby sea, the vineyards are located on stony soils mixed with igneous rocks on sunny slopes. There are the appellations Coteaux d'Ancenis
. Fiefs Vendéens
. Gros Plant du Pays Nantais
(as well as Muscadet-Coteaux de la Loire, Muscadet-Cotes de Grand Lieu, Muscadet-Sèvre et Maine). West of Pays Nantais closes the appellation Anjou