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Abbreviation for "Polymerase Chain Reaction", in German "Polymersae chain reaction". It is used in biological and medical laboratories for a variety of tasks, such as the detection of hereditary diseases and viral infections, the creation and verification of genetic fingerprints (in the context of criminal surveys), the cloning of genes and for pedigree (paternity tests) , The method was invented in 1983 by the American biochemist Kary Mullis (* 1944), who then received the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. This is a short, well-defined part of a DNA strand (Gen or just a part of a gene) with the help of a enzyme artificially reproduced by DNA polymerase. In the context of viticulture is thus in the context of molecular genetics Analyze the descent or identity of varieties detected. Furthermore, it can be different through virus caused Vine diseases be determined. Other testing methods are ELISA and Indexing,

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