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Abbreviation for "Polymerase Chain Reaction", in German "Polymersae Chain Reaction". It is used in biological and medical laboratories for a variety of different tasks, for example for the detection of hereditary diseases and viral infections, the creation and checking of genetic fingerprints (as part of criminalistic surveys), the cloning of genes and for parentage reports (paternity tests). , The method was invented in 1983 by the American biochemist Kary Mullis (* 1944), who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993. A short, well-defined part of a DNA strand (Gene or just part of a gene) with the help of a enzyme called DNA polymerase artificially reproduced. In connection with the viticulture is in the context of molecular genetics Analyze the lineage or identity of varieties detected. Furthermore, various can be used virus caused Vine diseases be determined. Other test procedures are ELISA and Indexing,

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