The white grape variety comes from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas (see the history there in detail). Synonyms are Pedro Jiménez and Pedro Giménez Ruggieri. For a long time, it was identified with the almost namesake variety Pedro Ximénez (with the synonym Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado) viewed, but then in 2003 DNA analysis was refuted. It was either imported to South America (Argentina) with other varieties from Spain (Canary Islands) as early as the middle of the 16th century, or was only created there through a presumably natural crossing. When DNA analysis was carried out in 2013, the parenthood Criolla Chica ( Listán Prieto ) x Muscat d'Alexandrie detected. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
In Argentina, the variety occupies mainly in the area Mendoza 12,132 hectares of vineyards with a strongly decreasing tendency. Together with the two "siblings" Cereza and Criolla Grande it becomes light colored simple mass wines produced and in liter bottles and Bag-in-Boxes bottled and marketed. In Chile 118 hectares were designated. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 12,250 hectares of vineyards with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 15,101 hectares). It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking Rank 58.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012