The white grape comes from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of so-called Criollas (see the history in detail there). Synonyms are Pedro Jiménez and Pedro Giménez Ruggieri. For a long time, it was considered identical to the almost namedgliechen variety Pedro Ximénez (with synonym Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado) viewed, but then in 2003 by DNA analysis was refuted. It was either introduced to South America (Argentina) with other varieties from Spain (Canary Islands) as early as the mid-16th century or was first created there by a presumably natural crossing. In 2013 DNA analysis, parenting Criolla Chica ( Listán Prieto x Muscat d'Alexandrie detected. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
In Argentina, the variety is mainly in the area Mendoza 12,132 hectares of vineyards with a strong falling tendency. Together with the two "sibling varieties" Cereza and Criolla Grande They turn into light-colored ones mass wines produced and in liter bottles and Bag-in-Boxes bottled and marketed. In Chile 118 hectares were designated. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 12,250 hectares of vineyards with falling tendency (ten years earlier, there were 15,101 hectares). It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking Rank 58.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012