The white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado ( Argentina ); Pedro ( Australia ); Pedro Jimenez ( Chile ); Perrum ( Portugal ); Corinto Bianco, Don Bueno, Pedro Ximenes, Pero Ximén, PX, Ximen, Ximenecia, Ximénez, Ximenecia and Zalema Colchicina, ( Spain ); Uva Pedro Ximénez, Uva Pero Ximénez, Verdello ( Canary Islands /Spain). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities it may not with the varieties Elbling. Galego Dourado (False Pedro), Pedro Giménez or Riesling be confused. According to in 2007 DNA analysis she is a direct descendant of the leading variety To lift (Gibi); the second parent is unknown. The one used as table grape Corinto Bianco is a coreless mutation, Pedro Ximénez was a crossing partner of the five new varieties Caballete. cantaro (2) Muscat du Moulin. Pajolera and Valvin Muscat,
According to a script from 1636, the German Peter Siemens, as a soldier of Emperor Charles V (1500-1558), planted a vine from the banks of the Rhine in Málaga, which was allegedly Elbling or Riesling. The spelling "Ximénez" is supposedly a verbalization of the German name "Siemens". This was also used by well-known authors like Balthasar sprinkler (1724-1791) and August-Wilhelm Freiherr von Babo (1827-1894) widespread. The German ancestry was refuted by the DNA analysis.
The medium-ripening vine is very susceptible to Botrytis and wrong, but less for real mildew, It produces high-alcohol but low-acid white wines. The variety is found in Spain mainly in the regions Andalusia. Extremadura and Valencia, as well as on the Canary Islands grown. After Palomino it is the second most important strain for the sherry and also named one of the variants after her. In the dessert wines from Malaga and Montilla-Moriles it is also approved. The Spanish acreage totals 9,036 hectares.
In Portugal it is mainly in the area on 197 hectares Alentejo grown. In Chile no crop was reported in 2010, although 2,379 hectares had been recorded here ten years earlier (under the name Pedro Jimenez). Here it is used primarily for brandy Pisco used; under which name is unclear. Tiny stocks are also found in the countries Argentina (8 ha), Australia. California. Peru (1 ha) and Uruguay, The variety occupied a total of 9,243 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a strongly falling trend (in 2000 there were 17,272 hectares and in 1990 even 47,915 hectares). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 76.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)