The white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Pedro Gimenez Rio Colorado ( Argentina ); Pedro ( Australia ); Pedro Jimenez ( Chile ); Perrum Portugal ); Corinto Bianco, Don Bueno, Pedro Ximenes, Pero Ximén, PX, Ximen, Ximenecia, Ximénez, Ximenecia and Zalema Colchicina, Spain ); Uva Pedro Ximénez, Uva Pero Ximénez, Verdello ( Canary Islands /Spain). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities she may not with the varieties Elbling. Galego Dourado (False Pedro), Pedro Giménez or Riesling be confused. According to done in 2007 DNA analysis she is a direct descendant of the leader To lift (Gibi); the second parent is unknown. The used as a table grape Corinto Bianco is a seedless one mutation, Pedro Ximénez was crossing partner of the five new breeds Caballete. cantaro (2) Muscat du Moulin. Pajolera and Valvin Muscat,
After a writing from the year 1636, the German Peter Siemens planted as a soldier of Emperor Charles V (1500-1558) from the Rhine bank originating vineyard in Malaga, which allegedly had been Elbling or Riesling. The spelling "Ximénez" is allegedly a corruption of the German name "Siemens". This was also by well-known authors like Balthasar sprinkler (1724-1791) and August-Wilhelm Freiherr von Babo (1827-1894). However, German descent was refuted by DNA analysis.
The medium-maturing vine is highly susceptible to Botrytis and wrong, but less for real mildew, It produces alcoholic, but low-acid white wines. The variety is in Spain especially in the regions Andalusia. Extremadura and Valencia, as well as on the Canary Islands grown. After Palomino it is the second most important strain for the sherry and also one of the variants named after her. In the dessert wines of Malaga and Montilla-Moriles she is also admitted. The Spanish acreage totaled 9,036 hectares.
In Portugal she is on 197 hectares mainly in the area Alentejo grown. In Chile No stock was reported in 2010, although ten years earlier, 2,379 hectares had been recorded (under the name of Pedro Jimenez). Here it is especially for the brandy Pisco used; under which name is unclear. Tiny stocks are also available in the countries Argentina (8 ha), Australia. California. Peru (1 ha) and Uruguay, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 9,243 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (in 2000 there were 17,272 and 1990 even 47,915 hectares). It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 76.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)