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Genus of molds with around 25 species (species), which are also referred to as a brush mold because of their shape. They love warmth and moisture, have mostly a greenish color and live mainly in the temperate climates. They thrive on bread, cheese, jams, flour, fruits (especially apples, peaches, grapes, citrus), bread, fruit juices, cheese, jams and flour. Certain types are used in the nutritional industry for blue cheese, in the beverage industry rice wine and in medicine for some antibiotics such as penicillin great importance. Others are used for the biotechnological production of substances used in viticulture such as pectinases (Enzymes) and tartaric acid used. In the vineyard Penicillium species cause different forms of bunch rot like Penicillium expansum green rot, Many types form through metabolism mycotoxins such as citrinin, Ochratoxin A and patulin, See also below mushrooms,

Penicillium expansum on grapes (green rot) / spores on pear

Picture left: By Bauer Karl - Own work, CC BY 3.0 at , Link
Picture right: By HJ Larsen, - insectimages , CC BY 3.0 , Link

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