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Genus of molds with around 25 species (species), which are also called brush mold because of their shape. They love warmth and moisture, mostly have a greenish color and live mainly in the temperate climates. They thrive on bread, cheese, jam flour, fruit (especially apples, peaches, grapes, citrus), bread, fruit juices, cheese, jams and flour. Certain types have mold cheese in the food industry, for the beverage industry rice wine and very important in medicine for some antibiotics like penicillin. Others are used for the biotechnological extraction of substances used in viticulture such as pectinases (Enzymes) and tartaric acid used. In the vineyard Penicillium species cause different forms of bunch rot such as Penicillium expansum die green rot, Many types form through metabolism mycotoxins like citrinin, Ochratoxin A and patulin, See also under mushrooms,

Penicillium expansum on grapes (green rot) / spores on pear

Left: By Bauer Karl - Own work, CC BY 3.0 at , Link
Right: By HJ Larsen, - insectimages , CC BY 3.0 , Link

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