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pepper (GB)
poivre (F)
pepe (I)
piper (ES)
piper (PO)
peper (N)

Name for the plant Black pepper or the spice derived from it. Depending on the harvest time and further treatment, the peppercorns have different colors. Red pepper consists of perfectly ripe, unpeeled fruits. White pepper is peel-free ripened pepper (the hottest). Green pepper is dried from immature, early harvested fruits at high temperatures or placed in salt water, which is why it retains the color. Black pepper is also made from unripe fruits, but is naturally dried (very aromatic). Pepper is often with paprika confused, because this is also known as pepperoni or pepperoni. To the confusion contributes that the English "pepper" yes "pepper" (the vegetables) and also "pepper" means. The plural "peppers" in turn always means "paprika" and never "pepper". Derived from the Hungarian German "paprika" is derived from "papar" (pepper).

Pepper fruits and grains in green, white and black

Chili is the Mexican name for cayenne pepper, but it is not a pepper but a paprika. Paprika contains the substance capsaicin, Pepper the substance piperine, Both cause the sensation on the palate sharp (not pure taste, but one trigeminal Pain sensation). And for both spices are certain flavorings typical, for paprika i methoxypyrazine, for pepper linalool, Both pepper and pepper flavors are particularly common in red wines encountered. Because of the confusing facts described above are therefore at a wine address the details of paprika (chili, pepperoni) and pepper with some caution, as the term peppery often used for both.

Picture left: From Aruna in Wikipedia on Malayalam , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture right: By Rainer Zenz from Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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