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pepper (GB)
poivre (F)
pepe (I)
piper (ES)
piper (PO)
peper (N)

Name for the plant black pepper or the spice obtained from it. Depending on the time of harvest and further treatment, the peppercorns have different colors. Red pepper is made from perfectly ripe, unpeeled fruit. White pepper is peeled, fully ripe pepper (the hottest). Green pepper is dried from immature, early harvested fruits at high temperatures or soaked in salt water, which is why it keeps its color. Black pepper also consists of unripe fruit, but is naturally dried (very aromatic). Pepper is often used paprika confused, because this is also called pepperoni or pepperoni. The fact that the English "pepper" means "paprika" (the vegetable) and also "pepper" adds to the confusion. The plural "peppers" in turn always means "paprika" and never "pepper". The German "paprika" borrowed from Hungarian is derived from "papar" (pepper).

Pepper - fruits and grains in green, white and black

Chili is the Mexican name for cayenne pepper, but it is not a pepper, but a type of pepper. Paprika contains the substance capsaicin, Pepper the substance piperine, Both cause sensation on the palate sharp (not a pure taste, but one trigeminal Pain sensation). And for both spices are certain flavorings typical, for paprika i methoxypyrazine, for pepper linalool, Both paprika and pepper flavors are particularly common in red wines encountered. Due to the confusing facts described above, there is therefore one wine address The paprika (chilli, chili peppers) and pepper to be enjoyed with some caution as the term peppery commonly used for both.

Left: From Aruna at Wikipedia on Malayalam , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Right: By Rainer Zenz from Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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