The Englishman Samuel Pepys (1633-1703) was Secretary of State in the English Naval Office, President of the Royal Society and Member of the English House of Commons. However, he became known mainly through his extensive diaries (Diary and Correspondence), which he led in the period 1660-1669. These are a revealing cultural-historical picture of the everyday life of the Restoration period under King Charles II (1630-1685). Among other things, he reports in detail about the Great Plague of 1665 or the Great Fire of London the following year. He used a kind of stenographic cryptography, which could only be deciphered in 1825. These journals cover over 3,100 pages, which Pepys himself had bound in six volumes and incorporated into his library.
In addition to his numerous infidelities, the topic of wine is also devoted to a wide space and one learns a lot about the former wine styles and their names. An entry dated April 10, 1663 reads: "An entry dated April 10, 1663 reads: " I have just tasted a French wine called Ho-Bryan, which has the best and most extraordinary flavor I have ever encountered. " This meant a wine from the already famous Château Haut-Brion, Again and again he implored not to drink any more wine (alcohol), but just as often he repudiated this intention. At the age of 60, he had set up a well-stocked wine cellar, including the then popular Claret, a canary ( Canary Islands ), a Tent (red wine from the Spanish city of Cadiz), a bag (Name for fortified, Spanish wines), a Malaga and unspecified white wines. Pepys obviously had a special liking for Spanish wines.