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23.054 Keywords • 48.241 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 154.988 Cross-references

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Peru

Perú (ES)
Pérou (F)
Perù (I)
Peru (PO)
Peru (GB)
Peru (N)

After the Conquistadores conquered the Inca Empire from 1531 to 1535 under Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541), the Spaniards Marquis Francesco de Caravantes and Hernando de Montenegro planted the first vines near Ica in 1547. Among them was the Spanish one Listán Prieto (the historic Misión), which then caused a sensation in many South American countries. Peru was the first country in South America, in which viticulture was systematically practiced, as early as 1560 there were 40,000 hectares of vineyards. Wine was even exported to Spain at the time. At that time the country was called Alto Peru (High Peru) and was the core area of the Viceroyalty of New Castile. Up to 1776, the present day also counted Bolivia to. From 1550 onwards winegrowing followed from here Argentina common. The phylloxera caused severe damage in Peru from 1888.

Due to political unrest, viticulture almost came to a standstill by 1960. From the 1970s, reconstruction began with imported vines. The vineyards are concentrated on the Pacific coast around the cities of Pisco and Ica in the south (south of Lima). There are also smaller areas in the north on the coast up to 1,500 meters above sea level. Despite being close to equator there is great drought. The hot summers and low rains require artificial ones irrigation, The warm winters allow two harvests per year.

Most of the grapes (mainly Moscatel) go into the production of spirits, the national drink Pisco, The Spanish part of the population only drinks wine on festive occasions. The Chichia beer brewed from grain, molasses and brandy is also very popular. By far the most important winery is the Viña Tacama near Ica, owned by the Olaechea family. The well-known French oenologist Emile helped with the construction Peynaud (1912-2004) provided significant support. With French support, excellent wines from the Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc and sparkling wines have been produced here since 1961. In 2012 the vineyard area was 26,000 hectares, which was two and a half times the amount in 2000. Of this, 650,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. The Blend 2010 (Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms or name in Peru hectare
Negramoll red Mollar, Mollar ICA, Negra Mole 1252
Italia White - 1011
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White - 361
Quebranta red - 330
Blaufränkisch red Borgona 290
Red Globe red - 240
Pecorino White Uvina 114
Cardinal red - 53
Cabernet Sauvignon red Burdeos, Cabernet 48
Flame Seedless red - 42
Alphonse Lavallée red - 18
Sultana White Sultaniye 15
Cot red Côt, Malbec 10
Sugraone White Superior Seedless 9
Torrontés Riojano White Torrontés 8th
Listán Prieto red Negra Corriente, Negra Peruana 7
Albillo Mayor White Albilla 7
Ar99 pink - 5
Crimson Seedless pink - 2
Crystal White - 2
Chenin Blanc White - 2
Syrah red - 2
Merlot red - 2
Perlette White - 1
Imperial Seedless pink - 1
Pedro Ximénez White - 1
Pinot Noir red - 1
Rosa arica red - 1
Garnacha Tinta White Grenache Noir 1
Chardonnay White - 1
Concord red - ?

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