After the conquistadors conquered the Inca Empire from 1531 to 1535 under Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541), the Spaniards Marquis Francesco de Caravantes and Hernando de Montenegro planted the first vines near Ica in 1547. Among them was the Spanish one Listán Prieto (the historic Misión), which then caused a sensation in many South American countries. Peru was the first country in South America, in which viticulture was systematically practiced, as early as 1560 there were 40,000 hectares of vineyards. Wine was even exported to Spain at the time. At that time the country was called Alto Peru (High Peru) and was the core area of the Viceroyalty of New Castile. Up to 1776, today's one also counted Bolivia to. From 1550 onwards winegrowing followed from here Argentina common. The phylloxera caused severe damage in Peru from 1888.
Due to political unrest, viticulture almost came to a standstill by 1960. From the 1970s, reconstruction began with imported vines. The vineyards are concentrated on the Pacific coast around the cities of Pisco and Ica in the south (south of Lima). There are also smaller areas in the north on the coast at up to 1,500 meters above sea level. Despite being close to equator there is great drought. The hot summers and low rainfall require artificial ones irrigation, Due to the warm winters, two harvests per year are possible.
The majority of the grapes (mainly Moscatel) go into the production of spirits, the national drink Pisco, The Spanish part of the population only drinks wine on festive occasions. The Chichia beer brewed from grain, molasses and brandy is also very popular. By far the most important winery is the Viña Tacama near Ica, owned by the Olaechea family. The well-known French oenologist Emile helped with the construction Peynaud (1912-2004) provided significant support. With French support, excellent wines from the Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc varieties and sparkling wines have been produced here since 1961. In 2012 the vineyard area was 26,000 hectares, which was two and a half times the amount in 2000. Of this, 650,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. The Blend 2010 (Kym Anderson ):
|vine||colour||Synonyms or name in Peru||hectare|
|Negramoll||red||Mollar, Mollar ICA, Negra Mole||1252|
|Muscat Blanc / muscatel||White||-||361|
|Cabernet Sauvignon||red||Burdeos, Cabernet||48|
|Superior Seedless||White||Sugra One||9|
|Listán Prieto||red||Negra Corriente, Negra Peruana||7|
|Garnacha Tinta||White||Grenache Noir||1|