After the conquest of the Inca Empire by the Conquistadores between 1531 and 1535 under Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541), in 1547 the Spaniards Marquis Francesco de Caravantes and Hernando de Montenegro planted the first vines near Ica. Among them was the Spanish one Listán Prieto (the historic Misión), which then caused a sensation in many South American countries. Peru was the first country in South America, in which viticulture was operated systematically, already around 1560 there were 40,000 hectares of vineyards. Wine was even exported to Spain at that time. At that time, the country was called Alto Peru (High Peru) and was the heartland of the viceroyalty of New Castile. Until 1776 also counted today Bolivia to. From 1550, the wine became from here after Argentina common. The phylloxera from 1888 onwards caused serious damage in Peru.
Also due to political unrest, viticulture almost came to a standstill until 1960. Starting in the 1970s, a reconstruction started with imported vines. The vineyards are concentrated on the Pacific coast around the cities of Pisco and Ica in the south (south of Lima). Smaller areas are also available in the north on the coast at up to 1,500 meters above sea level. Despite proximity to equator There is great dryness. The hot summers and low rains require artificial irrigation, Due to the warm winters, two harvests per year are possible.
Most of the grapes (mainly Moscatel) goes into the production of spirits, the national drink Pisco, The Spanish part of the population drinks wine only on festive occasions. Very popular is also made of grain, molasses and brandy-brewed beer Chichia. By far the most important winery is the Viña Tacama near Ica, owned by the Olaechea family. In the construction has the well-known French oenologist Emile Peynaud (1912-2004) provided significant support. Here, with French support, excellent wines from the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc as well as sparkling wines have been produced since 1961. In 2012, the vineyard covered 26,000 hectares, which was two and a half times the amount of 2000. Of this, 650,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. The Blend 2010 (Kym Anderson ):
|vine||colour||Synonyms or name in Peru||hectare|
|Negramoll||red||Mollar, Mollar ICA, Negra Mole||1252|
|Muscat Blanc / muscatel||White||-||361|
|Cabernet Sauvignon||red||Burdeos, Cabernet||48|
|Superior Seedless||White||Sugra One||9|
|TorrontÃ © Riojano||White||Torrontés||8th|
|Listán Prieto||red||Negra Corriente, Negra Peruana||7|
|Garnacha Tinta||White||Grenache Noir||1|