The municipal appellation is the northern part of the area Graves ( Bordeaux ) and is named after the two most important places. It covers 1,300 hectares of vineyards in the municipalities of Cadaujac, Canéjan, Gradignan, Léognan, Martillac, Mérignac, Pessac, Saint-Médard-d'Eyrans, Talence and Villeneuve-d'Ornon. Before being classified as a separate appellation in 1987, which André Lurton the area was called Haut-Graves . Around the city of Pessac the clairet produced.
The dry white wines Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon are produced with barrel fermentation and oak wood aging and are among the best in Bordeaux. The red wines are mainly made from Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon with shares of Cabernet Franc and Malbec ( Cot ) blended. They are the typical grape varieties of the Rive gauche (left bank). However, the cuvées in the wineries are very different.
In 1953 and 1959 (then still in the Haut-Graves section of Graves) 16 châteaux were classified as "Cru Classé des Graves". These are Chateau Bouscaut. Château Carbonnieux. Chateau Couhins. Château Couhins-Lurton. Château de Fieuzal. Château Haut-Bailly. Château Haut-Brion (Incidentally, the only one of the 61 châteaux classified in 1855 that is not in the area Médoc lies), Château La Mission Haut-Brion. Château La Tour-Haut-Brion. Château La Tour-Martillac. Château Laville-Haut-Brion. Château Malartic-Lagravière. Château Olivier. Château Pape-Clement. Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte and Domaine de Chevalier,