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Popular term for a "medicine" or a repellent against the plague. The internal and external application of vinegar against various diseases and as a means of protection was already in use in ancient times. According to one of the versions, the "invention" of pesto vinegar dates back to 1720, when the plague raged in southern France. According to tradition, four thieves wandered around, robbing the dying and the dead. They were given impunity if they revealed the secret of their apparent immunity to the epidemic. They did this too. That is why he also becomes robber vinegar or poison vinegar; Latin called Acetum pestilentiale prophylacticum. To protect against infectious diseases, you should rinse your mouth with the pest vinegar, wash different parts of your body with it or take a few spoons of it every day.

The recipe quickly spread throughout Europe. In England the pest vinegar was known as "The four Thieves Vinegar", in France as "Vinaigre de quatre voleurs". Many different recipes have been handed down for pest vinegar. Mostly, fragrances were extracted using alcohol or wine vinegar and camphor was added. The Meyers Konversationslexikon of the 1888 edition states that the pest vinegar is still used for smoking or disinfecting sick rooms with the following recipe: Angel root, calamus root, garlic, cinnamon Nutmeg cloves , of each 3.75g, with 2kg wine vinegar and 120g concentrated vinegar, squeezes after a few days and adds 11g camphor, dissolved in 30g alcohol. ” See also under Ancient wines,

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