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23.030 Keywords • 48.228 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.336 Pronunciations • 154.274 Cross-references

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Peter and Paul

Simon the fisherman (0-64) was called by Jesus as a disciple together with his brother Andreas. Jesus referred to him as "rock" (Greek Pétros) on which he wanted to build his church (Matthew 16, 16-19). Later Peter traveled to Rome and worked there as leader of the community. Paul (0 to 64) - at that time Saul - was the son of wealthy Jewish parents from Tarsus in Asia Minor with Roman civil rights. His zeal for faith meant that he had to persecute the emerging Christian church, which he believed to be a Jewish sect that deviated from the law. The Bible tells that he guarded the clothes of the stoners in the year 35/36 during the stoning of Stephen. Saul was commissioned to lead further Christian persecutions in Damascus, but a wonderful encounter with the resurrected Jesus before Damascus changed his life fundamentally - making him Saul to Paul (Acts 22: 5-16; 26, 12- 18). In 64, Peter and Paul met in Rome and together they convicted the magician Simon, who fell to death with his flying skills.

Apostles Peter and Paul - fresco in the catacombs of Rome 4th century

Emperor Nero (15-68) lost his court artist with Simon and had Peter and Paul thrown into prison. As a Roman citizen, Paul was granted honorable death by beheading with the sword. Before the execution of Peter, friends managed to escape. The fleeing Peter meets Christ at the gates of the city of Rome and asked the famous question: "Quo vadis, Domine?" When Christ replied that he was going to Rome to be crucified again, Peter decided to return to Rome and was then struck on the cross at Nero's circus at his own request - vice versa, since he was not worthy of dying the same death as Jesus Christ. As patron saint, Paul is responsible, among other things, for rain and fertility in the fields. The commemoration day of both is June 29th. In northern wine-growing regions, this is the time when the veraison (Maturity onset). Two calendar slogans are: 1) It rains on Peter and Paul - the winemaker's harvest becomes lazy. 2) Peter and Paul clear, bring a good year . See also under Bauernregeln and wine Saints,

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