The white grape comes from France. Synonyms are Escriberou, Mansein Blanc, Manseing, Mansenc Blanc, Mansenc Grisroux, Manseng Blanc, Manseng Petit Blanc, Mansengou, Mansic, Mansin, Mausec, Miot ( France ); Ichiriota Zuria Tipia, Izkiriot Ttipi, Iskiriota Zuri Tipia, ( Spain ). The very old variety was first mentioned in Jurançon in 1562 by a wine, namely "vinhe mansengue", but it was not until 1783 that a text between the two varieties Petit Manseng (with small berries) and Gros Manseng (with large berries) distinguished. The French ampelographer Pierre Galet (1921-2019) had great in 1990 morphological Similarities were found between the two varieties. Carried out in 2011 DNA analysis revealed that Petit Manseng was a direct descendant of Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ), and that Gros Manseng is a direct descendant of Petit Manseng. However, there is no genetic relationship to the red variety Manseng Noir,
The medium to late ripening vine is extremely resistant to the thick, hard-shelled berry skins Botrytis, It produces aromatic white wines with a high alcohol and acid content and aging potential. The variety is the main component of the white wines of Jurançon and Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh, is also in many other areas Southwest France approved and is also in Languedoc grown. The total acreage in France in 2010 was 1,063 hectares. Under the names above, Petit Manseng is in northern Spain Basque country (País Vasco) in the two areas Chacolí de Alava and Chacolí de Vizcaya authorized. There are also other smaller stocks in the United States Georgia. South Carolina and Virginia (total 20 ha), as well as in Argentina (7 ha), Uruguay. Australia. New Zealand and Japan, The variety occupied a total of 1,110 hectares in 2010 with a rapidly increasing tendency (ten years earlier it was only 613 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)