The white grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Escriberou, Mansing Blanc, Manse Blanc, Mansec Blanc, Mansenc Blanc, Mansenc Grisroux, Manseng Blanc, Manseng Petit Blanc, Mansengou, Mansic, Mansin, Mausec, Miot ( France ); Ichiriota Zuria Tipia, Izkiriot Ttipi, Iskiriota Zuri Tipia, ( Spain ). The very old variety was first mentioned in Jurançon in 1562 by a wine called "vinhe mansengue", but only in 1783 does a text appear between the two varieties Petit Manseng (with small berries) and Gros Manseng (with large berries) distinguished. Already the French Ampelograph Pierre Galet (* 1921) had 1990 large morphological Similarities between the two varieties were noted. Performed in 2011 DNA analysis revealed that Petit Manseng is a direct descendant of Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ), as well as that Gros Manseng a direct descendant of Petit Manseng. However, there is no genetic relationship to the red variety Manseng Noir,
The medium to late ripening vine is due to the thick, hard-shelled skins extremely resistant to Botrytis, It produces aromatic white wines with high alcohol and acid content and aging potential. The variety is main ingredient of the white wines of Jurançon and Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh, is also in many other areas in Southwest France admitted and will also be in Languedoc grown. The acreage in France in 2010 totaled 1,063 hectares. Among the above names is Petit Manseng in northern Spain Basque country (País Vasco) in the two areas Chacolí de Alava and Chacolí de Vizcaya authorized. Other smaller stocks are also available in the US states Georgia. South Carolina and Virginia (total 20 ha), as well as in Argentina (7 ha), Uruguay. Australia. New Zealand and Japan, The variety had a total of 1,110 hectares in 2010 with a strong upward trend (ten years earlier it was only 613 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)