The red grape variety comes from France, The name "Little Greenling" refers to the high acid content in the grapes, which are often under-matured due to the long ripening period. Synonyms are Bouton, Carmelin, Herrant, Lambrusquet, Lambrusquet Noir, Verdau, Verdot and Verdot Petit. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Fer (Herrant) or Big Verdot be confused. The variety was first mentioned in 1736 together with the Gros Verdot, which was very different despite the similarity in name. According to DNA analysis both seem from Wild vines descended near the Pyrenees.
The late ripening vine is sensitive to drought, but resistant to the thick-skinned berries Botrytis, It produces colorful, spicy red wines rich in alcohol, tannins and acids, with aromas of violets and storage potential. The once in Bordeaux widespread vine was particularly in through late ripeness Saint-Emilion and Pomerol a problem and was therefore abandoned by many wineries from the 1960s. Since the end of the 1980s, it has been grown again with an upward trend. In 2010, it occupied a total of 862 hectares in France, of which 526 in Bordeaux. in the Médoc it is still one of the classic vines in the so-called Bordeaux blend and part of very large red wines such as Château Latour. Chateau Margaux and Château Palmer, There are also small stocks in the Languedoc,
There was more acreage in Europe in 2010 in Italy, in Spain - where they were made in the 1990s by the famous wine pioneer Marqués de Griñón was introduced (1,661 ha), in Portugal (139 ha) and in the Turkey (10 ha). In 2010 there was a much larger spread overseas. In Australia it was founded in 1832 by the wine pioneer James Busby (1802-1871). She will be there in the fields Barossa Valley. Clare Valley. Coonawarra. Langhorne Creek. Margaret River. McLaren Vale. Mudgee. Padthaway and Swan Valley grown and occupied a total of 1,223 hectares of vineyards here in 2010.
Other overseas countries are Argentina - where, confusingly, Petit Verdot has long been referred to as Fer (501 ha), Chile (576 ha), Israel (50 ha), Canada (27 ha), Myanmar = Burma (2 ha), New Zealand (5 ha), Peru. South Africa especially in the areas Paarl and Stellenbosch (648 ha) and Uruguay (32 ha), as well as in the United States (853 ha) in the States California. new York. Virginia and Washington, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 7,202 hectares of vines with an extremely rising trend. Compared to 2000 with 1,481 hectares at the time, this was almost five times as much. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 93.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)