The red variety comes from France, The name "Kleiner Grünling" refers to the high proportion of acidity in the grapes, which are often too poorly matured because of the long maturation period. Synonyms are Bouton, Carmelin, Herrant, Lambrusquet, Lambrusquet Noir, Digest, Verdot and Verdot Petit. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Fer (Herrant) or Big Verdot be confused. The variety was first mentioned in 1736 together with the despite name similarity very different Gros Verdot. According to DNA analysis Both seem to be from Wild vines descend near the Pyrenees.
The late-ripening vine is sensitive to drought, however, resistant to the thick-skinned berries Botrytis, It produces colorful, alcoholic, tannic and acidic, spicy red wines with aromas of violets and storage potential. The once in the Bordeaux the widespread vine was particularly late in the late maturity Saint-Emilion and Pomerol a problem and was therefore abandoned by many wineries from the 1960s. Since the late 1980s, it is growing again with an upward trend. In France, it occupied a total of 862 hectares in 2010, of which 526 in Bordeaux. in the Médoc she is still one of the classic vines in the so-called Bordeaux blend and part of really big reds like for example Château Latour. Château Margaux and Château Palmer, There are also small stocks in the Languedoc,
Further acreage in Europe existed in 2010 in Italy, in Spain - where she was in the 1990s by the famous wine pioneer Marqués de Griñón was introduced (1,661 ha), in Portugal (139 ha) and in the Turkey (10 ha). Far more widespread in 2010 was overseas. In Australia It was already in 1832 by the wine pioneer James Busby (1802-1871) introduced. She will be there in the fields Barossa Valley. Clare Valley. Coonawarra. Langhorne Creek. Margaret River. McLaren Vale. Mudgee. Padthaway and Swan Valley cultivated and occupied here in 2010 a total of 1,223 hectares of vineyards.
Other overseas countries are Argentina - where Petit Verdot was confusingly called Fer for a long time (501 ha), Chile (576 ha), Israel (50 ha), Canada (27 ha), Myanmar = Burma (2 ha), New Zealand (5 ha), Peru. South Africa especially in the fields Paarl and Stellenbosch (648 ha) and Uruguay (32 ha), as well as in the United States (853 ha) in the States California. new York. Virginia and Washington, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 7,202 hectares of vineyards with extremely rising trend. Compared to the year 2000 with then 1,481 hectares, this resulted in almost five times the amount. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 93.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)