The white grape variety comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). There are over 30 Synonyms Some of these are Piccoleto, Piccolit, Piccolito, Piccolito Bianco, Piccolito del Friuli, Picolit Bianco, Piculit and Pikolit. According to several from 2007 to 2011 done DNA analysis The two were often regarded as identical Hungarian varieties Balafánt and Kéknyelü recognized as independent. For the red variety Piculit Neri (Picolit Nero) is not (as often suspected) a colored mutation, According to one hypothesis, she was supposedly already known to the Romans. But there is no historical or botanical evidence. In any case, it is a very old strain. The parentage is unknown.
The variety was first mentioned in 1682 in a list of wines, which at the wedding celebration of the Doge of Venice Alvise Contarini (1601-1684) were served. A sweet Picolit wine was made in the 18th century by Conte Fabio Asquini (1726-1818) and bottled in Murano glass bottles. This was the Château d'Yquem and the Tokaj as equals and was delivered to the royal courts in England, France, Holland, Austria and Russia. The count also left a detailed description for the manufacture. In a document from 1765 it is confirmed that Picolitwein also at the court of Pope Clement XIII. (1693-1769) highest approval. From Austrian ampelographer Franz Xaver Debris (1800-1858) she was described in 1855 as "Yellow Pikolit" (then belonged Friuli to the Imperial and Royal Habsburg Empire).
The earlier in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Widespread variety was by the phylloxera greatly reduced and was threatened with extinction. It was reactivated by Giacomo Perusini in the municipality of Corno di Rosazzo (Udine province). The sweet wine produced according to the old recipe of Conte Fabio Asquini then gained cult status in the late 1960s. It is a pure female grape why it is uncertain in the yield. Therefore, she will be together with you for the purpose of fertilization Verduzzo Friulano planted. The vine produces sweet wines with aromas of apricots, peaches and honey. It is cultivated mainly in the provinces of Udine and Gorizia and is the dominant variety in DOCG wine Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit, In 2010, the Italian acreage amounted to 128 hectares. In Slovenia it is cultivated under the name Pikolit, whereby here between the Clone Pikolit Italia and Pikolit Vienna. It should also be a small stock in Australia Give (Victoria).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service