The white grape comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). There are over 30 Synonyms, some of them are Piccoleto, Piccolit, Piccolito, Piccolito Bianco, Piccolito del Friuli, Picolit Bianco, Piculit and Pikolit. According to several from 2007 to 2011 DNA analysis the two Hungarian varieties, which until then were often regarded as identical Balafánt and Kéknyelü recognized as independent. With the red variety Piculite neri (Picolit Nero) it is not (as often suspected) a color mutation, According to a hypothesis, it was said to be known to the Romans. There is no historical or botanical evidence for this. In any case, it is a very old variety. The parentage is unknown.
The variety was first mentioned in 1682 in a list of wines used at the Doge's Wedding Venice Alvise Contarini (1601-1684) were served. A sweet Picolit wine was produced by Conte Fabio Asquini (1726-1818) in the 18th century and bottled in Murano glass bottles. This was true Château d'Yquem and the Tokaj as equal and was delivered to the rulers in England, France, Holland, Austria and Russia. The count also left a detailed description for the manufacture. A document from 1765 confirms that Picolitwein also at the court of Pope Clemens XIII. (1693-1769) found the highest approval. By the Austrian ampelographer Franz Xaver Debris (1800-1858) it was described in 1855 as "Yellow Picolite" (at that time Friuli belonged to the imperial Habsburg Empire).
The earlier in Friuli-Venezia Giulia widespread variety was by the phylloxera greatly reduced and was in danger of extinction. It was reactivated by Giacomo Perusini in the municipality of Corno di Rosazzo (Province of Udine). The sweet wine produced according to the old recipe of Conte Fabio Asquini then achieved cult status in the late 1960s. It is a pure female grape which is why it is uncertain in the yield. Therefore, it is shared with for the purpose of fertilization Verduzzo Friulano planted. The vine produces sweet wines with aromas of apricots, peaches and honey. It is cultivated primarily in the provinces of Udine and Gorizia and is a defining variety in DOCG wine Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit, In 2010 the Italian acreage was 128 hectares. In Slovenia it is grown under the name Pikolit, whereby here between the Clone Pikolit Italia and Pikolit Vienna is differentiated. It should also have a small stock in Australia (Victoria) give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service