The red grape variety comes from Italy; the name means "red foot" and is derived from the red wood of the Rebstock tribe. Synonyms are Palombina, Palombina Nera, Palomina Nera, Palumbina Nera, Palumbo, Palummina, Perepalummo, Piede Colombo (Pigee foot), Piede di Colombo, Piede di Colombo Gentile, Piede Palumbo, Per'e Palummo, Senese Rosso and Streppa Verde. It should not be confused with the no longer cultivated varieties Piedirosso Avellinese, Piedirosso Beneventano or Piedirosso Napoletano.
According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it should be that of Pliny the Elder (23-79) variety Piedirosso mentioned under the name "Columbina Purpurea" were an ancestor. The very old variety was mentioned as Palombina in the 16th century, but only under its current name in 1905. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Tintora x unknown variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The medium-ripening vine is relatively resistant to real ones mildew but prone to downy mildew. It produces velvety red wines with fresh acidity and aromas of plums and cherries. The variety is in the Italian region Campania widespread and there in the DOC red wines Campi Flegrei. Cilento. Costa d'Amalfi. capri. Falerno del Massico. Ischia. Penisola Sorrentina. Sannio. Taurasi and Vesuvio authorized. There are also other stocks in the region Apulia, The total area cultivated in Italy in 2010 was 699 hectares with a downward trend (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service