The red grape variety comes from Italy, The name is probably derived from the elongated grape shape (pigna = pine cone). Synonyms are Groppello di Breganze, Paganona, Piccolo Spanna, Pignola, Pignolo Melasca, Pignola Spanna, Pignolo Spanna and Pignolo Spano. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Groppello dei Berici. Groppello di Mocasina. Groppello di Revò. Groppello Gentile or pignolo be confused. According to DNA analysis exists with the variety Rossolino Nero a Parent-offspring relationship, as well as a relationship with Nebbiolo,
The medium maturing vine is susceptible to the real mildew and Botrytis, however, is quite resistant to downy mildew and frost, It produces acidic and tannic red wines. The variety is listed under the different names given in the Lombardy (as Pignola Valtellinese), in Piedmont (as Pignola Spanna) and in Veneto (saved from extinction as Groppello di Breganze). In 2010, a total of 49 hectares of vineyards were recorded in Italy with a strongly falling trend (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service