The white grape variety comes from Italy, The name is most likely derived from the elongated grape shape (pigna = pine cone). Synonyms are Aglionzina, Alionzina, Grechetto di Todi, Grechetto Gentile , Occhietto, Pallagrello di Caserta, Piedimonte Bianco, Pignoletta Bianca, Pignoletto Bolognese, Pignolino, Pulcinculo, Rébola , Ribolla Riminese, Strozzavolpe and Uve Pignole. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological Similarities not to the Graševina varieties ( Riesling ) Grechetto di Orvieto. Pallagrello Bianco (Piedimonte Bianco), pignolo. Pinot Blanc od. Ribolla Gialla be confused.
According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, Pignoletto is said to be a descendant of Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned "Pino Lieto" (happy fir), for which there is no botanical or historical evidence. The very old variety was possibly first mentioned in 1654 as "Uve Pignole". According to DNA analysis the varieties Grechetto di Todi (Umbria) and Rébola or Ribolla Riminese (Emilia-Romagna) are identical. With the until then as clone the Pignoletto Grechetto di Orvieto (Umbria) applies Parent-offspring relationship, There is also a close genetic relationship with the variety Spergola,
The medium to late ripening, very productive vine produces fine-acidic white wines that are suitable for the production of sparkling wines. It is mainly used in the Emilia-Romagna cultivated in the area around Bologna. There she is in the DOC white wines Colli Bolognesi. Colli Bolognesi Pignoletto (DOCG) Colli di Faenza. Colli di Imola. Colli di Rimini. Pignoletto and Reno authorized. In Umbria however, in the DOC provisions for Assisi. Colli Martani. Colli Perugini. Colli del Trasimeno. Lake Corbara and Todi only under the name Grechetto mentioned. It is not clear whether it is Grechetto di Orvieto or Grechetto di Todi (Pignoletto). The Italian acreage in 2010 totaled 1,707 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 6,009 hectares). Grechetto di Orvieto holdings could also have been present here.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)