The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Carraresa Compatta, Duracino, Occhialina, Pignoca, Pignola di San Colombano, Pignul, Pignuola, Pignuolo, Rognosa, Schiettarola Nera and Spampignolo. The name is derived from the elongated grape shape (pigna = pine cone). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Aglianico. Pignola Valtellinese or (the white) Pignoletto be confused. The late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew, It produces dark-colored, fruity red wines with velvety tannins, as well as aromas of plums and liquorice,
The variety has been in the 17th century Friuli-Venezia Giulia known. Abbot Giobatta Michieli praised it in his book "Bacchus in Friuli" and the wine made from it was praised as "excellent black wine". The after the phylloxera disaster Endangered variety was successfully reactivated in the 1970s with offshoots of rediscovered vines that were over a hundred years old. It is in DOC wine Colli Orientali del Friuli authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 93 hectares and the trend is rising.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service