The red variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Carraresa Compatta, Duracino, Occhialina, Pignoca, Pignola di San Colombano, Pignul, Pignuola, Pignuolo, Rognosa, Schiettarola Nera and Spampignolo. The name derives from the elongated grape shape (pigna = pine cones). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Aglianico. Pignola Valtellinese or (the white one) Pignoletto be confused. The late-ripening vine is prone to real mildew, It produces dark colored, fruity red wines with velvety tannins, as well as plum and aromas liquorice,
The variety has been in the 17th century Friuli-Venezia Giulia known. It was praised by Abbot Giobatta Michieli in his book "Bacchus in Friuli" and the resulting wine was praised as "excellent black wine". The after the phylloxera disaster Endangered species was successfully reactivated in the 1970s with offshoots of rediscovered centenary vines. She is in DOC wine Colli Orientali del Friuli authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 93 hectares with an upward trend.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service