The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms include Aunis, Brune Noir, Chenin Noir, Gros Pineau, Gros Veronais, La Brune Noire, Pinot d'Aunis, Plant d'Aunis, Plant de Mayet and Shenen Noir. She may not with the morphological similar variety Pinot Noir be confused. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 2009, it is not (as suspected) a color mutation from Chenin Blanc, There is also no relationship with Pinot, The name probably derives from the cone-shaped grape (pin = pine), and from the monastery Prieuré d'Aunis Saumur at the Loire from. A first mention was made in 1816 by André Jullien (1766-1832) by listing cultivars cultivated in the district of Loches (Indre-et-Loire).
The medium maturing, rather unsustainable vine is prone to chlorosis and Botrytis, She brings light red, fresh wines peppery Aroma, which are especially suitable for the production of rosé and sparkling wines. Better grades require a corresponding reduction in yield. The variety is mainly in the Loire Valley cultured. There she is in the red and rosé wines of the appellations Anjou. Coteaux du Vendômois. Saumur. Touraine and Valençay authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 437 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012