AOC area for one Vin de liqueur in the two departments Charente and Charente-Maritime in the southwest France, It is almost congruent with the area for the cognac, After a legendary tradition, the invention was this liqueur An accident. In 1589, a forgetful winegrower is said to have a small barrel that was still filled with some cognac grape have filled up. When he was surprised to find that none fermentation he put the barrel in a cellar corner. After a few years, he wanted to empty the barrel and, to his surprise, discovered a clear, sweet-tasting liquid that tasted excellent. The are approved in short pruning cultivated varieties Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) Colombard. Folle Blanche. Jurancon Blanc, Blanc Ramé ( Meslier Saint-François ) Merlot Blanc. Montils and Sémillon for the Blanc, as well Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot for the rosé. The grapes have a potential alcohol content of at least 10% vol. The fermentation is stopped by adding cognac (mutage).
Then the Blanc matures for at least 12 months and the Rosé mostly for at least eight months large oak barrel, A rosé is usually sweeter and fruity than the usually much drier Blanc. The "Vieux" (old) must have matured at least five years, the "Très Vieux" (very old) or "Extra Vieux" (extra old) at least ten years. With these two variants, the maturation in Barrels and the quality is certified by a tasting commission. The alcohol content must be between 16 and 17% vol, the residual sugar content between 125 and 150 g / l. Older products can do it Rancio- or Firnton exhibit. The annual production quantities are more than 100,000 hectoliters, of which 55% Blanc and 45% Rosé. There are over 500 winegrowers and a few large cooperatives, which of course results in a very wide quality spectrum. Other French vin de liqueur products are Floc de Gascogne and Macvin du Jura,