The white grape comes from France. Around 100 Synonyms testify to old age and the spread in many wine-producing countries, The most important of which are grouped alphabetically by country are Kleinedel, Weißburgunder, Weißer Arbst ( Germany ); Bon Blanc, Arnaison Blanc, Auvernat Blanc, Chardonnet Pinot Blanc, Clevner, Epinette Blanche, Gentil Blanc, Klävner, Moréote Blanche, Morillon Blanc, Noirien Blanc, Pino Blanc, Pinot Blanc Chardonnet, Pinot Blanc Vrai ( France ); Pinot Bijeli ( Croatia ); Pinot Bianco ( Italy ); Burgundy Veisser, Pino Belîi ( Moldova ); Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc ( Austria ); Pinot Branco ( Portugal ); Burgundské Biele, Rulandské Biele ( Slovakia ); Beli Pinot ( Slovenia ); Rulandské Bílé ( Czech Republic ); Burgundi Fehér, Fehér Burgundi ( Hungary ).
It is a color mutation of Pinot gris (or vice versa) that from the Pinot Noir has mutated. Pinot Blanc is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Auxerrois. Chardonnay. Knipperlé. Melon de Bourgogne. Pignoletto or Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) can be confused. Until the end of the 19th century, Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc were often confused. The Ampelograph Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) had already started from two different varieties in 1868 and this was officially recognized in France in 1872. Other countries had problems for much longer and the two were considered identical. In Austria, they were recorded and reported together until 1999. It was only through in 1999 DNA analysis independence has been confirmed: Chardonnay is a natural cross between Pinot x Gouais Blanc,
The three varieties Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris have their genes through natural intersections (often with the crossing partner Gouais Blanc) passed on. However, these three varieties have an almost identical DNA profile, which is why natural crossings cannot be determined by DNA analysis as to what this was. Therefore only Pinot given as the parent (see a list of all direct Pinot descendants there). Pinot Blanc (compared to Gris and Noir) is rarely used as a crossing partner in new varieties due to the lack of quality, for example in the varieties Jutrzenka and Manzoni Bianco,
The early-growing and early-ripening, profitable vine is resistant to frost but susceptible to fungal diseases, Compared to Pinot Gris, there is greater yield security. The advantage is that it can reach high must weights even with larger yields. The vine produces greenish-yellow-colored, fruity white wines with moderate acidity and subtle aromas of linden flowers, melons, pears and yellow fruits. These are also often used in the production of sparkling wines. It is not one of the big ( Cépages nobles ), but still to the internationally grown, classic grape varieties.
In France, the variety was first described in Burgundy in 1895, but by German ampelographers as early as the early 19th century. The French acreage amounts to a total of 1,292 hectares with a slightly decreasing tendency. The largest amount of it is in Alsace where the variety mostly with Auxerrois is blended, the rest in Burgundy, In Italy it is mainly in the northeast in the regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. South-Tirol and Veneto widespread and is often grown together with Chardonnay. The Italian area totals 3,086 hectares with a slightly decreasing trend.
There is more acreage in Europe in Germany (3,941 ha), England (23 ha), Georgia (219 ha), Croatia (188 ha), Luxembourg (162 ha), Moldova (350 ha), Austria (1,995 ha), Portugal (22 ha), Russia (695 ha), Switzerland (105 ha), Slovakia (523 ha), Slovenia (525 ha), Czech Republic (732 ha), Ukraine (338 ha), Hungary (237 ha). There are stocks in overseas Argentina (6 ha), Brazil (1 ha), China (2 ha), Japan. Canada (125 ha), New Zealand (16 ha), South Africa (14 ha), Uruguay (9 ha) and United States (269 ha). The variety occupied a total of 14,724 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 16,990 hectares in 1990, there was a reduction (often replaced by Chardonnay) of around 15%. It was in the global varieties ranking at rank 52.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)