The white grape variety comes from France. Around 100 Synonyms evidence of old age and spread in many wine-producing countries, The most important of which are alphabetically grouped by country Kleinedel, Pinot Blanc, White Arbst ( Germany ); Bon Blanc, Arnaison Blanc, Auvernat Blanc, Chardonnet Pinot Blanc, Clevner, Epinette Blanche, Gentil Blanc, Klavner, Moréote Blanche, Morillon Blanc, Noirien Blanc, Pino Blanc, Pinot Blanc Chardonnet, Pinot Blanc Vrai ( France ); Pinot Bijeli ( Croatia ); Pinot Bianco ( Italy ); Burgundy Veisser, Pino Belîi ( Moldova ); Pinot Blanc, White Burgundy ( Austria ); Pinot Branco ( Portugal ); Burgundy Biele, Rulandské Biele ( Slovakia ); Beli Pinot ( Slovenia ); Rulandské Bílé ( Czech Republic ); Burgundi Fehér, Fehér Burgundi ( Hungary ).
It is a color mutation of Pinot Gris (or vice versa), from the Pinot Noir mutated. Pinot Blanc is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Auxerrois. Chardonnay. Knipperlé. Melon de Bourgogne. Pignoletto or Traminer (Savagnin Blanc). Until the end of the 19th century Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc were often confused. The Ampelographer Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) had already emanated in 1868 from two different varieties and this was officially recognized in France in 1872. In other countries, problems had been going on for much longer and the two were considered identical. In Austria they were registered and expelled until 1999 together. Only in 1999 DNA analysis the autonomy was confirmed: Chardonnay is a natural cross between Pinot x Gouais blanc,
The three varieties Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris have their genes by natural intersections (often with the crossing partner Gouais Blanc) passed. However, these three varieties have a nearly identical DNA profile, which is why it can not be determined in natural crosses by DNA analysis, which was this. That's why only Pinot specified as parent (see there a list of all direct Pinot offspring). Pinot Blanc (compared to Gris and Noir) is rarely used as a crossing partner in new varieties due to its lack of quality, for example in the varieties Jutrzenka and Manzoni Bianco,
The early-harvesting and early-ripening, yield-resistant vine is resistant to frost but prone to fungal diseases, Compared to Pinot Gris there is a greater earnings security. The advantage is that it can reach high must weights even with larger yields. The vine produces greenish-yellow, fruity white wines with moderate acidity and subdued aromas of lime blossom, melons, pears and yellow fruits. These are also commonly used in the production of sparkling wines. It is not one of the big ( Cépages noble ), but to the internationally grown, classic grape varieties.
In France, the variety was first described in Burgundy in 1895, but by German ampelographers already in the early 19th century. The French acreage amounts to a total of 1,292 hectares with a slight decline. The largest amount of it is in the Alsace where the variety mostly with Auxerrois is blended, the rest in the Burgundy, In Italy it is mainly in the northeast in the regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. South-Tirol and Veneto widely used and is often grown together with Chardonnay. The Italian area amounts to a total of 3,086 hectares, with a slight downward trend.
There are more cultivated areas in Europe in Germany (3,941 ha), England (23 ha), Georgia (219 ha), Croatia (188 ha), Luxembourg (162 ha), Moldova (350 ha), Austria (1,995 ha), Portugal (22 ha), Russia (695 ha), Switzerland (105 ha), Slovakia (523 ha), Slovenia (525 ha), Czech Republic (732 ha), Ukraine (338 ha), Hungary (237 ha). There are stocks in overseas Argentina (6 ha), Brazil (1 ha), China (2 ha), Japan. Canada (125 ha), New Zealand (16 ha), South Africa (14 ha), Uruguay (9 ha) and United States (269 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 14,724 hectares of vineyards. Opposite in 1990 with then 16.990 hectares there was a reduction (often replaced by Chardonnay) by about 15%. It was thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 52.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)